Background/Objectives: Meteorological factors seem to influence stroke incidence, however, the complex association between weather and stroke remains unclear. Possible explanations from the literature do not categorize into subdivisions of ischemic strokes, only have small patient numbers, or refer to a selection of isolated weather elements without investigating weather changes and more. Method: In this exploratory trial, almost 18,000 stroke cases from a single stroke center in Southern Germany were analyzed from 2006 to 2015 and classified into the main subgroups of strokes and subdivisions of ischemic stroke etiologies applying the Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment classification. For each stroke event, the air mass classification was determined from a subset of 7 air mass categories. Relative excess morbidities were derived for the 7 different air mass categories, taking into account the day of the event and up to 2 and 5 days preceding the stroke event. Results: Statistically significant findings (alpha <= 0.1) reveal that dry tropical air masses were associated with a lower/higher risk for hemorrhagic (HEM)/macroangiopathic strokes (MAS), respectively. Dry polar air masses were associated with a higher risk for intracerebral bleedings and lower risk for ischemic stroke subtypes. Moist air masses were associated with a reduced incidence of MAS. A strong temperature increase 5 days prior to the event was associated with a lower risk of HEM strokes. Temperature increases were associated with lower risks for MAS and cardio-embolic strokes. Significant temperature decreases were associated with a higher risk of MAS. Conclusions: Temperature effects were dependent on both air masses and temperature changes within 5 days prior to the event and were associated with statistically relevant changes in stroke incidence. Decisive factors such as etiology, age, sex, and risk factors were also taken into account.