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Laxy, M. ; Schöning, V.M. ; Kurz, C.F. ; Holle, R. ; Peters, A. ; Meisinger, C. ; Rathmann, W.* ; Mühlenbruch, K.* ; Kähm, K.

Performance of the UKPDS outcomes model 2 for predicting death and cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus from a German Population-Based Cohort.

Pharmacoeconomics 37, 1485-1494 (2019)
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Background and Objective Accurate prediction of relevant outcomes is important for targeting therapies and to support health economic evaluations of healthcare interventions in patients with diabetes. The United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) risk equations are some of the most frequently used risk equations. This study aims to analyze the calibration and discrimination of the updated UKPDS risk equations as implemented in the UKPDS Outcomes Model 2 (UKPDS-OM2) for predicting cardiovascular (CV) events and death in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) from population-based German samples. Methods Analyses are based on data of 456 individuals diagnosed with T2DM who participated in two population-based studies in southern Germany (KORA (Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg)-A: 1997/1998, n = 178; KORA-S4: 1999-2001, n = 278). We compared the participants' 10-year observed incidence of mortality, CV mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), and stroke with the predicted event rate of the UKPDS-OM2. The model's calibration was evaluated by Greenwood-Nam-D'Agostino tests and discrimination was evaluated by C-statistics. Results Of the 456 participants with T2DM (mean age 65 years, mean diabetes duration 8 years, 56% male), over the 10-year follow-up time 129 died (61 due to CV events), 64 experienced an MI, and 46 a stroke. The UKPDS-OM2 significantly over-predicted mortality and CV mortality by 25% and 28%, respectively (Greenwood-Nam-D'Agostino tests: p < 0.01), but there was no significant difference between predicted and observed MI and stroke risk. The model poorly discriminated for death (C-statistic [95% confidence interval] = 0.64 [0.60-0.69]), CV death (0.64 [0.58-0.71]), and MI (0.58 [0.52-0.66]), and failed to discriminate for stroke (0.57 [0.47-0.66]). Conclusions The study results demonstrate acceptable calibration and poor discrimination of the UKPDS-OM2 for predicting death and CV events in this population-based German sample. Those limitations should be considered when using the UKPDS-OM2 for economic evaluations of healthcare strategies or using the risk equations for clinical decision-making.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Risk Equations; External Validation; Health Outcomes; Complications; Engine; Discrimination; Calibration; Framingham; Mortality; Disease
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1170-7690
e-ISSN 1179-2027
Quellenangaben Volume: 37, Issue: 12, Pages: 1485-1494 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Springer
Publishing Place 5 The Warehouse Way, Northcote 0627, Auckland, New Zealand
Reviewing status Peer reviewed