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Huertas, J.R.* ; Ruiz Ojeda, F.J. ; Plaza-Díaz, J.* ; Nordsborg, N.B.* ; Martín-Albo, J.* ; Rueda-Robles, A.* ; Casuso, R.A.*

Human muscular mitochondrial fusion in athletes during exercise.

FASEB J. 33, 12087-12098 (2019)
Verlagsversion DOI
The main objective of this work was to investigate whether mitochondrial fusion occurs in the skeletal muscle of well-trained athletes in response to high-intensity exercise. Well-trained swimmers (n = 9) performed a duration-matched sprint interval training (SIT) and high-intensity high-volume training (HIHVT) session on separate days. Muscle samples from triceps brachii were taken before, immediately after, and 3 h after the training sessions. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was applied to assess mitochondrial morphology. Moreover, expression of genes coding for regulators of mitochondrial fusion and fission were assessed by real-time quantitative PCR. In addition, mitofusin (MFN)2 and optic atrophy 1 (OPA1) were quantified by Western blot analysis. TEM analyses showed that mitochondrial morphology remained altered for 3 h after HIHVT, whereas SIT-induced changes were only evident immediately after exercise. Only SIT increased MFN1 and MFN2 mRNA expression, whereas SIT and HIHVT both increased MFN2 protein content 3 h after exercise. Notably, only HIHVT increased OPA1 protein content. Mitochondrial morphologic changes that suggest fusion occurs in well-adapted athletes during exercise. However, HIHVT appears as a more robust inducer of mitochondrial fusion events than SIT. Indeed, SIT induces a rapid and transient change in mitochondrial morphology.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Physical Activity ; Mitochondrial Fission ; Skeletal Muscle ; Mitofusin 2; Human Skeletal-muscle; Membrane Interactions; Fission; Protein; Reticulum; Adaptations; Activation; Fis1
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0892-6638
e-ISSN 1530-6860
Zeitschrift FASEB Journal
Quellenangaben Band: 33, Heft: 11, Seiten: 12087-12098 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Wiley
Verlagsort Bethesda, Md.
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed