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Sunlight-induced phototransformation of transphilic and hydrophobic fractions of Suwannee River dissolved organic matter.
Sci. Total Environ. 694:133737 (2019)
Sunlight-induced chemical changes of both transphilic (SWR-TPH) and hydrophobic (SWR-HPO) fractions of Suwannee River dissolved organic matter (DOM) were followed by ultrahigh resolution Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FTICR-MS). Irradiated SWR-TPH exhibited increase of chemodiversity, loss of some aromatic compounds, and almost no change in terms of average values of m/z, O/C and double bond equivalents (DBE). Irradiated SWR-HPO showed decrease of chemodiversity, average values of m/z, O/C and DBE. Irradiation of SWR-HPO produced oxygenated (O/C > 0.7) and aliphatic new compounds and removed some aromatics and carboxyl-rich alicyclic molecules (CRAM). Comparatively, CHO-compounds of SWR-TPH were relatively stable with a minor class of aromatic compounds disappeared under sunlight irradiation. Photochemical processing of SWR-HPO generated highly oxygenated new compounds that were readily present in SWR-TPH, implying that sunlight changes the hydrophobicity of DOM and that SWR-HPO is a photochemical precursor for SWR-TPH. This study contributed to the developing knowledge on organic matter phototransformation, particularly the transformation pattern of SWR-TPH that was never described previously; it also demonstrated the role of sunlight in producing SWR-TPH compounds from SWR-HPO and consequently driving the transformation of organic matter.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Sunlight Irradiation ; Fticr-ms ; Dissolved Organic Matter Characterisation ; Phototransformation; Photochemical Production; Singlet Oxygen; Mass; Photooxidation; Transformation; Degradation; Signatures; Kinetics; Carbon
Institute(s) Research Unit Analytical BioGeoChemistry (BGC)