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Bischoff, A.* ; Barrat, J.A.* ; Berndt, J.* ; Borovicka, J.* ; Burkhardt, C.* ; Busemann, H.* ; Hakenmüller, J.* ; Heinlein, D.* ; Hertzog, J. ; Kaiser, J.* ; Maden, C.* ; Meier, M.M.M.* ; Morino, P.* ; Pack, A.* ; Patzek, M.* ; Reitze, M.P.* ; Rüfenacht, M.* ; Schmitt-Kopplin, P. ; Schönbächler, M.* ; Spurný, P.* ; Weber, I.* ; Wimmer, K.* ; Zikmund, T.*

The Renchen L5-6 chondrite breccia - The first confirmed meteorite fall from Baden-Wurttemberg (Germany).

Chem. Erde-Geochem. 79:125525 (2019)
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Open Access Gold (Paid Option)
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On July 10, 2018 at 21:29 UT extended areas of South-Western Germany were illuminated by a very bright bolide. This fireball was recorded by instruments of the European Fireball Network (EN). The records enabled complex and precise description of this event including the prediction of the impact area. So far six meteorites totaling about 1.23 kg have been found in the predicted location for a given mass during dedicated searches. The first piece of about 12 g was recovered on July 24 close to the village of Renchen (Baden-Wurttemberg) followed by the largest fragment of 955 g on July 31 about five km north-west of Renchen.Renchen is a moderately-shocked (S4) breccia consisting of abundant highly recrystallized rock fragments as well as impact melt rock clasts. The texture, the large grain size of plagioclase, and the homogeneous compositions of olivine (similar to Fa(26)) and pyroxene (similar to Fs(22)) clearly indicate that Renchen is composed of metamorphosed rock fragments (L5-6). An L-group (and ordinary chondrite) heritage is consistent with the data on the model abundance of metal, the density, the magnetic susceptibility as well as on O-, Ti-, and Cr-isotope characteristics. Renchen does not contain solar wind implanted noble gases and is a fragmental breccia. An unusually large mm-sized merrillite-apatite aggregate shows trace element characteristics like other phosphates from ordinary chondrites.Data on the bulk chemistry, IR-spectroscopy, cosmogenic nuclides, and organic components also indicate similarities to other metamorphosed L chondrites. Noble gas studies reveal that the meteorite has a cosmic ray exposure (CRE) age of 42 Ma and that most of the cosmogenic gases were produced in a meteoroid with a radius of at max. 20 cm based on the radionuclide Al-26 and 10-150 cm based on cosmogenic Ne-22/Ne-21. K-Ar and U/Th-He gas retention ages are both in the range similar to 3.0-3.2 Ga. Both systems do not show evidence for a complete reset 470 Ma ago, and may instead have recorded the same resetting event 3.0 Ga ago.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Ordinary Chondrite ; Chondrite Breccia ; L Chondrite ; Meteorite Fall; Oxygen-isotope Composition; Ray Exposure Ages; Almahata Sitta; Noble-gases; Regolith Breccia; Organic-matter; Shock Metamorphism; Strewn Field; L6 Chondrite; Mineralogy
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0009-2819
Zeitschrift Chemie der Erde
Quellenangaben Band: 79, Heft: 4, Seiten: , Artikelnummer: 125525 Supplement: ,
Verlag Elsevier
Verlagsort Amsterdam ; Boston, Mass. ; London ; New York, NY ; Oxford ; Paris, Philadelphia, Pa. ; San Diego, Calif. ; St. Louis, Mo. ; München
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed