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Ragazzini, R.* ; Pérez-Palacios, R.* ; Baymaz, I.H.* ; Diop, S.* ; Ancelin, K.* ; Zielinski, D.* ; Michaud, A.* ; Givelet, M.* ; Borsos, M. ; Aflaki, S.* ; Legoix, P.* ; Jansen, P.W.T.C.* ; Servant, N.* ; Torres-Padilla, M.E. ; Bourc'his, D.* ; Fouchet, P.* ; Vermeulen, M.* ; Margueron, R.*

EZHIP constrains Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 activity in germ cells.

Nat. Commun. 10:3858 (2019)
Publ. Version/Full Text Research data DOI
Open Access Gold
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
The Polycomb group of proteins is required for the proper orchestration of gene expression due to its role in maintaining transcriptional silencing. It is composed of several chromatin modifying complexes, including Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2), which deposits H3K27me2/3. Here, we report the identification of a cofactor of PRC2, EZHIP (EZH1/2 Inhibitory Protein), expressed predominantly in the gonads. EZHIP limits the enzymatic activity of PRC2 and lessens the interaction between the core complex and its accessory subunits, but does not interfere with PRC2 recruitment to chromatin. Deletion of Ezhip in mice leads to a global increase in H3K27me2/3 deposition both during spermatogenesis and at late stages of oocyte maturation. This does not affect the initial number of follicles but is associated with a reduction of follicles in aging. Our results suggest that mature oocytes Ezhip-/- might not be fully functional and indicate that fertility is strongly impaired in Ezhip-/- females. Altogether, our study uncovers EZHIP as a regulator of chromatin landscape in gametes.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Embryonic Stem-cells; Chromatin Dynamics; Prc2; Mouse; Methylation; Protein; Transcriptome; Reveals; Aebp2; Dna
ISSN (print) / ISBN 2041-1723
e-ISSN 2041-1723
Quellenangaben Volume: 10, Issue: 1, Pages: , Article Number: 3858 Supplement: ,
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Publishing Place London
Reviewing status Peer reviewed