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Irradiation of regional lymph node areas in breast cancer - Dose evaluation according to the Z0011, AMAROS, EORTC 10981-22023 and MA-20 field design.
Radiother. Oncol. 142, 195-201 (2020)
Objective: The purpose of this study was to estimate the dose distribution from randomized trials (MA.20, EORTC 22922-10925 (EORTC), AMAROS and the Z0011 trial) on lymph node (LN) irradiation on a large LN atlas.Methods: 580 F-18-FDG-PET/CT positive LN metastases of 235 patients were transferred rigidly and non-rigidly to three "template CTs" (standard, obese and slender patient). Further, the LN clinical target volumes (CTVs) were contoured according to the ESTRO-guidelines. Treatment plans were designed (each for the left and right side) for all patients based on the study protocols of the MA.20, EORTC, AMAROS and Z0011 trial. Subsequently, the dose distribution in the ESTRO-CTVs and in the 580 LNs were assessed.Results: Our results reveal variable dose coverage (26.8 +/- 17.3 Gy-53.0 +/- 1.8 Gy) in the targeted LN areas (ESTRO-CTV and LN) in dependence of the treatment planning design and the patients' body shape. None of the treatment plan designs provided full dose coverage to the lymphatic drainage system. High tangent irradiation resulted in a similar dose distribution in L I and II compared to the AMAROS field design.Conclusion: Inclusion of the entire lymphatic system may not be necessary for all patients to reproduce the oncologic benefit shown in the randomized LN-irradiation trials. Inclusion of axillary level II and extension of the supraclavicular CTV can be considered in selected high-risk patients, based on dose recalculation of the MA.20 trial. Further, our results amplify earlier assumptions that irradiation may have accounted for the good results after SLND alone in the Z0011 trial.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Breast Cancer ; Radiotherapy ; Lymph Nodes ; Atlas; Elective Radiation-therapy; Estro Consensus Guideline; Target Volume Delineation; Internal Mammary; Sentinel Node; Radiotherapy; Coverage; Axilla
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0167-8140
Journal Radiotherapy and Oncology
Quellenangaben Volume: 142, Pages: 195-201
Publishing Place Elsevier House, Brookvale Plaza, East Park Shannon, Co, Clare, 00000, Ireland
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Institute(s) Institute of Radiation Medicine (IRM)