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Ionescu, C.* ; Grill, P. ; Witte, H. ; Boigues, C.* ; Blanchard, A.* ; Löffler, B. ; Michalke, B.

Accurate quantification of metal-glycinates-sulphate complexes and free metals in feed by capillary electrophoresis inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.

J. Trace Elem. Med. Biol. 56, 207-212 (2019)
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Traceability of metal-glycinate-sulphate complexes (Metal-GLY) in feed requires specific analysis to differentiate complexes from inorganic forms. A previously described method focused on the quantification of Metal-GLY at one single concentration but not on the quantification of free metal ion forms. The objective of this work was to extend the method to quantify both Metal-GLY and free metal ion forms of various metals at low inclusion levels. A 50/50 w/w mix of corn flour and soybean meal was used as feed. Copper-glycinate(Cu-GLY), Manganeseglycinate (Mn-GLY) and Zinc-glycinate (Zn-GLY) complexes (provided by Pancosma SA) were used for in-feed inclusions. The feed metal background concentrations and species repartitions were assessed. Cu-GLY was spiked on feed at levels matching 5, 15 and 45 mg/kg, corresponding to metal concentrations of 1.2, 3.6 and 10.8 mg/kg. Mn-GLY and Zn-GLY were spiked at 15, 45 and 100 mg/kg, corresponding to 3.3, 9.9, 22 mg/kg Mn and 3.9, 11.7, 26mg/kg Zn, respectively. The water soluble fraction of un-supplemented feed contained 0.06 mg/kg Cu, 0.05 mg/kg Mn and 0.12 mg/kg Zn, with 69.5% of Cu, 33.2% of Mn and 24.3% of Zn being present under free metal ions but 30.4% of Cu being present under Cu-GLY, 66.82% of Mn and 75.7% of Zn being present under Mn-GLY and Zn-GLY, respectively. The supplemented feeds at the 3 tested doses, from the lowest to the highest inclusion levels, contained in total respectively: 1.1, 3.05 and 9.06 mg/kg Cu; 2.99, 8.9 and 18.2 mg/kg Mn; 3.72, 10.9 and 23.4 mg/kg Zn. The M-GLY species recovered by analysis within the different supplemented feeds ranged from 76.26 to 89.32% for Cu-GLY, form 94.5 to 98.51% for Mn-GLY and from 76.05 to 98.96% for ZnGLY. These results showed that CE-ICP-MS technique can be used to quantify low doses and to measure metalspecies repartition between Metal-GLY and free metal ions, when included in feeds. For the first time, this study highlighted that the raw materials used contain Metal-GLY compounds. This raises the question of the occurrence of these compounds within the different raw materials used in feed production that could dramatically affect the way to supplement minerals in animal feed.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Trace Mineral Species ; Metal Glycinates ; Free Metal Ions ; Inclusion Level ; Ce-icp-ms; Performance; Speciation; Copper
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0946-672X
e-ISSN 1878-3252
Quellenangaben Band: 56, Heft: , Seiten: 207-212 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Urban & Fischer
Verlagsort Hackerbrucke 6, 80335 Munich, Germany
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed