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Frey, I.M.* ; Rubio-Aliaga, I.* ; Siewert, A.* ; Sailer, D.* ; Drobyshev, A. ; Beckers, J. ; Hrabě de Angelis, M. ; Aubert, J.* ; Bar Hen, A.* ; Fiehn, O.* ; Eichinger, H.M.* ; Daniel, H.*

Profiling at mRNA, protein, and metabolite levels reveals alterations in renal amino acid handling and glutathione metabolism in kidney tissue of Pept2–/– mice.

Physiol. Genomics 28, 301-310 (2007)
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PEPT2 is an integral membrane protein in the apical membrane of renal epithelial cells that operates as a rheogenic transporter for di- and tripeptides and structurally related drugs. Its prime role is thought to be the reabsorption of filtered di- and tripeptides contributing to amino acid homeostasis. To elucidate the role of PEPT2 in renal amino acid metabolism we submitted kidney tissues of wild-type and a Pept2–/– mouse line to a comprehensive transcriptome, proteome and metabolome profiling and analyzed urinary amino acids and dipeptides. cDNA microarray analysis identified 147 differentially expressed transcripts in transporter-deficient animals, and proteome analysis by 2D-PAGE and MALDI-TOF-MS identified 37 differentially expressed proteins. Metabolite profiling by GC-MS revealed predominantly altered concentrations of amino acids and derivatives. Urinary excretion of amino acids demonstrated increased glycine and cysteine/cystine concentrations and dipeptides in urine were assessed by amino acid analysis of urine samples before and after in vitro dipeptidase digestion. Dipeptides constituted a noticeable fraction of urinary amino acids in Pept2–/– animals, only, and dipeptide-bound glycine and cystine were selectively increased in Pept2–/– urine samples. These findings were confirmed by a drastically increased excretion of cysteinyl-glycine (cys-gly). Urinary loss of cys-gly together with lower concentrations of cysteine, glycine, and oxoproline in kidney tissue and altered expression of mRNA and proteins involved in glutathione (GSH) metabolism suggests that PEPT2 is predominantly a system for reabsorption of cys-gly originating from GSH break-down, thus contributing to resynthesis of GSH.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter PEPT2; peptide transport; glutathione metabolism; pathway analysis
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1094-8341
e-ISSN 1531-2267
Quellenangaben Band: 28, Heft: , Seiten: 301-310 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag American Physiological Society
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed