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Farmaki, A.-E.* ; Rayner, N.W. ; Kafyra, M.* ; Matchan, A.* ; Ntaoutidou, K.* ; Feritoglou, P.* ; Athanasiadis, A.* ; Gilly, A. ; Mamakou, V.* ; Zengini, E.* ; Karaleftheri, M.* ; Zeggini, E. ; Dedoussis, G.*

A dietary pattern with high sugar content is associated with cardiometabolic risk factors in the pomak population.

Nutrients 11:3043 (2019)
Verlagsversion DOI
Open Access Gold
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
The present study describes the geographically isolated Pomak population and its particular dietary patterns in relationship to cardiovascular risk factors. We collected a population-based cohort in a cross-sectional study, with detailed anthropometric, biochemical, clinical, and lifestyle parameter information. Dietary patterns were derived through principal component analysis based on a validated food-frequency questionnaire, administered to 1702 adult inhabitants of the Pomak villages on the Rhodope mountain range in Greece. A total of 69.9% of the participants were female with a population mean age of 44.9 years; 67% of the population were overweight or obese with a significantly different prevalence for obesity between men and women (17.5% vs. 37.5%, respectively, p < 0.001). Smoking was more prevalent in men (45.8% vs. 2.2%, p < 0.001), as 97.3% of women had never smoked. Four dietary patterns emerged as characteristic of the population, and were termed "high in sugars", "quick choices", "balanced", and "homemade". Higher adherence to the "high in sugars" dietary pattern was associated with increased glucose levels (p < 0.001) and increased risk of hypertension (OR (95% CI) 2.61 (1.55, 4.39), p < 0.001) and nominally associated with high blood glucose levels (OR (95% CI) 1.85 (1.11, 3.08), p = 0.018), compared to lower adherence. Overall, we characterize the dietary patterns of the Pomak population and describe associations with cardiovascular risk factors.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Dietary Patterns ; Cardiovascular Risk ; Isolated Population ; Pomak ; Helic; Cardiovascular-disease; Metabolic Syndrome; Insulin Sensitivity; Blood-pressure; Life-style; Hypertension; Consumption; Greece; Metaanalysis; Nutrition
ISSN (print) / ISBN 2072-6643
e-ISSN 2072-6643
Zeitschrift Nutrients
Quellenangaben Band: 11, Heft: 12, Seiten: , Artikelnummer: 3043 Supplement: ,
Verlag MDPI
Verlagsort Basel
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Institut(e) Institute of Translational Genomics (ITG)