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Hohberger, B.* ; Sommerfeld, C.* ; Lucio, M. ; Bergua, A.*

ICare Pro: Age dependent effect of central corneal thickness on intraocular pressure in glaucoma and ocular hypertension patients.

Curr. Eye Res. 45, 668-674 (2020)
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Purpose: Measurement of the exact intraocular pressure (IOP) is essential in glaucoma diagnosis and follow-up, thus all therapeutic options affect IOP in order to win sighted lifetime. As it is known that corneal properties of glaucoma patients differ from normal subjects, the present study aimed to investigate the influence of CCT on rebound tonometry (ICT, ICare Pro) in glaucoma and ocular hypertension patients in dependency of age additionally considering different times of day. Methods: Three hundred sixty-two eyes of 190 subjects were included: 339 open-angle glaucoma and 23 ocular hypertension. IOP was measured at 5 different times of day (6 a.m., 12 a.m., 4 p.m., 9 p.m., and 0 p.m.) by Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) and Icare Pro rebound tonometry in a sitting position. Central corneal thickness was measured by central ultrasonic pachymetry (Pachymeter SP-100). Δ ICT was calculated as the difference of GAT, corrected according to age and CCT, and ICT, respectively at each time point. Results: All different GAT time points data correlated significantly (p < .05) with ICT time points. An age effect was observed on overall ICT (p = .02). A decrease of ICT was observed with increasing age. The within differences among ICT repeated measurements were significant as well. Additionally, repeated means of Δ ICT correlated significantly with age and CCT. Intercepts and coefficients were offered for each time point, respectively. GLM model yielded a relation between MD (dependent variable) and age together with CCT (age: p < .0001) and (CCT: p = .043). Conclusions: IOP measurements with ICare Pro were shown to be dependent on age, CCT and time of day in glaucoma and ocular hypertension patients. Thus, aging, corneal biomechanical properties and circadian rhythms should be taken into consideration when adjusting IOP.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Central Corneal Thickness ; Glaucoma ; Intraocular Pressure ; Ocular Hypertension ; Rebound Tonometry; Goldmann Applanation Tonometry; Biomechanical Properties; Clinical-evaluation; Curvature; Technology; Parameters; Eyes
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0271-3683
e-ISSN 1460-2202
Zeitschrift Current eye research
Quellenangaben Band: 45, Heft: 6, Seiten: 668-674 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Informa Healthcare
Verlagsort New York, NY
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed