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Müller, C. ; Kremb, S.* ; Gonsior, M.* ; Brack-Werner, R. ; Voolstra, C.R.* ; Schmitt-Kopplin, P.

Advanced identification of global bioactivity hotspots via screening of the metabolic fingerprint of entire ecosystems.

Sci. Rep. 10:1319 (2020)
Verlagsversion Forschungsdaten DOI
Open Access Gold
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Natural products (NP) are a valuable drug resource. However, NP-inspired drug leads are declining, among other reasons due to high re-discovery rates. We developed a conceptual framework using the metabolic fingerprint of entire ecosystems (MeE) to facilitate the discovery of global bioactivity hotspots. We assessed the MeE of 305 sites of diverse aquatic ecosystems, worldwide. All samples were tested for antiviral effects against the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), followed by a comprehensive screening for cell-modulatory activity by High-Content Screening (HCS). We discovered a very strong HIV-1 inhibition mainly in samples taken from fjords with a strong terrestrial input. Multivariate data integration demonstrated an association of a set of polyphenols with specific biological alterations (endoplasmic reticulum, lysosomes, and NFkB) caused by these samples. Moreover, we found strong HIV-1 inhibition in one unrelated oceanic sample closely matching to HIV-1-inhibitory drugs on a cytological and a chemical level. Taken together, we demonstrate that even without physical purification, a sophisticated strategy of differential filtering, correlation analysis, and multivariate statistics can be employed to guide chemical analysis, to improve de-replication, and to identify ecosystems with promising characteristics as sources for NP discovery.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Dissolved Organic-matter; Nuclear-magnetic-resonance; Natural-products; Humic Substances; Discovery; Fragmentation; Ionization; Extraction; Insights; Drugs
ISSN (print) / ISBN 2045-2322
e-ISSN 2045-2322
Zeitschrift Scientific Reports
Quellenangaben Band: 10, Heft: 1, Seiten: , Artikelnummer: 1319 Supplement: ,
Verlag Nature Publishing Group
Verlagsort London
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed