Genome scale metabolic models (GSMs) are a representation of the current knowledge on the metabolism of a given organism or superorganism. They group metabolites, genes, enzymes and reactions together to form a mathematical model and representation that can be used to analyze metabolic networks in silico or used for analysis of omics data. Beside correct mass and charge balance, correct structural annotation of metabolites represents an important factor for analysis of these metabolic networks. However, several metabolites in different GSMs have no or only partial structural information associated with them. Here, a new systematic nomenclature for acyl-based metabolites such as fatty acids, acyl-carnitines, acyl-coenzymes A or acyl-carrier proteins is presented. This nomenclature enables one to encode structural details in the metabolite identifiers and improves human readability of reactions. As proof of principle, it was applied to the fatty acid biosynthesis and degradation in the Caenorhabditis elegans consensus model WormJam.