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Influence of localization of PSMA-positive oligo-metastases on efficacy of metastasis-directed external-beam radiotherapy—a multicenter retrospective study.
Eur. J. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging 47, 1852-1863 (2020)
Purpose: Approximately 40–70% of biochemically persistent or recurrent prostate cancer (PCa) patients after radical prostatectomy (RPE) are oligo-metastatic in 68gallium-prostate-specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography (68Ga-PSMA PET). Those lesions are frequently located outside the prostate bed, and therefore not cured by the current standards of care like external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) of the prostatic fossa. This retrospective study analyzes the influence of oligo-metastases’ site on outcome after metastasis-directed radiotherapy (MDR). Methods: Retrospectively, 359 patients with PET-positive PCa recurrences after RPE were analyzed. Biochemical recurrence-free survival (BRFS) (prostate-specific antigen (PSA) < post-radiotherapy nadir + 0.2 ng/mL) was assessed using Kaplan-Meier survival and Cox regression analysis. Results: All patients were initially clinically without distant metastases (cM0). Seventy-five patients had local recurrence within the prostatic fossa, 32 patients had pelvic nodal plus local recurrence, 117 patients had pelvic nodal recurrence, 51 patients had paraaortic lymph node metastases with/without locoregional recurrence, and 84 patients had bone or visceral metastases with/without locoregional recurrence. Median PSA before MDR was 1.2 ng/mL (range, 0.04–47.5). Additive androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) was given in 35% (125/359) of patients. Median PSA nadir after MDR was 0.23 ng/mL (range, < 0.03–18.30). After a median follow-up of 16 months (1–57), 239/351 (68%) patients had no biochemical recurrence. Patients with distant lymph node and/or distant metastases, the so-called oligo-body cohort, had an overall in-field control of 90/98 (91%) but at the same time, an ex-field progress of 44/96 (46%). In comparison, an ex-field progress was detected in 28/154 (18%) patients with local and/or pelvic nodal recurrence (oligo-pelvis group). Compared with the oligo-pelvis group, there was a significantly lower BRFS in oligo-body patients at the last follow-up. Conclusion: Overall, BRFS was dependent on patterns of metastatic disease. Thus, MDR of PSMA PET-positive oligo-metastases can be offered considering that about one-third of the patients progressed within a median follow-up of 16 months.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Distribution ; External-beam Radiotherapy ; Prostate Cancer ; Psma ; Recurrence
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1619-7070
Quellenangaben Volume: 47, Issue: 8, Pages: 1852-1863
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Institute(s) Institute of Radiation Medicine (IRM)