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Heidari, P.* ; Mazloomi, F.* ; Nussbaumer, T. ; Barcaccia, G.*

Insights into the SAM synthetase gene family and its roles in tomato seedlings under abiotic stresses and hormone treatments.

Plants 9:586 (2020)
Verlagsversion Forschungsdaten DOI
Open Access Gold
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
S-Adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM) is a key enzyme involved in many important biological processes, such as ethylene and polyamine biosynthesis, transmethylation, and transsulfuration. Here, the SAM synthetase (SAMS) gene family was studied in ten different plants (Arabidopsis, tomato, eggplant, sunflower, Medicago truncatula, soybean, rice, barley, Triticum urartu and sorghum) with respect to its physical structure, physicochemical characteristics, and post-transcriptional and post-translational modifications. Additionally, the expression patterns of SAMS genes in tomato were analyzed based on a real-time quantitative PCR assay and an analysis of a public expression dataset. SAMS genes of monocots were more conserved according to the results of a phylogenetic analysis and the prediction of phosphorylation and glycosylation patterns. SAMS genes showed differential expression in response to abiotic stresses and exogenous hormone treatments. Solyc01g101060 was especially expressed in fruit and root tissues, while Solyc09g008280 was expressed in leaves. Additionally, our results revealed that exogenous BR and ABA treatments strongly reduced the expression of tomato SAMS genes. Our research provides new insights and clues about the role of SAMS genes. In particular, these results can inform future functional analyses aimed at revealing the molecular mechanisms underlying the functions of SAMS genes in plants.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Genome Analysis ; Post Translation Modifications ; Mirnas Target Site ; Hormones ; Abiotic Stress; S-adenosylmethionine Synthetase; Adenosyl-l-methionine; Decarboxylase Gene; Salt Stress; Protein-phosphorylation; Ethylene; Expression; Tolerance; Overexpression; Polyamines
ISSN (print) / ISBN 2223-7747
e-ISSN 2223-7747
Zeitschrift Plants
Quellenangaben Band: 9, Heft: 5, Seiten: , Artikelnummer: 586 Supplement: ,
Verlag MDPI
Verlagsort Basel, Switzerland
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Institut(e) Institute of Environmental Medicine (IEM)