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Vieweg, S.* ; Mulholland, K.* ; Bräuning, B.* ; Kachariya, N.* ; Lai, Y.C.* ; Toth, R.* ; Singh, P.K.* ; Volpi, I.* ; Sattler, M. ; Groll, M.* ; Itzen, A.* ; Muqit, M.M.K.*

PINK1-dependent phosphorylation of Serine111 within the SF3 motif of Rab GTPases impairs effector interactions and LRRK2-mediated phosphorylation at Threonine72.

Biochem. J. 477, 1651-1668 (2020)
Verlagsversion Postprint Forschungsdaten DOI
Open Access Gold (Paid Option)
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Loss of function mutations in the PTEN-induced kinase 1 (PINK1) kinase are causal for autosomal recessive Parkinson's disease (PD) whilst gain of function mutations in the LRRK2 kinase cause autosomal dominant PD. PINK1 indirectly regulates the phosphorylation of a subset of Rab GTPases at a conserved Serine111 (Ser111) residue within the SF3 motif. Using genetic code expansion technologies, we have produced stoichiometric Ser111-phosphorylated Rab8A revealing impaired interactions with its cognate guanine nucleotide exchange factor and GTPase activating protein. In a screen for Rab8A kinases we identify TAK1 and MST3 kinases that can efficiently phosphorylate the Switch II residue Threonine72 (Thr72) in a similar manner as LRRK2 in vitro. Strikingly, we demonstrate that Ser111 phosphorylation negatively regulates the ability of LRRK2 but not MST3 or TAK1 to phosphorylate Thr72 of recombinant nucleotide-bound Rab8A in vitro and demonstrate an interplay of PINK1- and LRRK2-mediated phosphorylation of Rab8A in transfected HEK293 cells. Finally, we present the crystal structure of Ser111- phosphorylated Rab8A and nuclear magnetic resonance structure of Ser111-phosphorylated Rab1B. The structures reveal that the phosphorylated SF3 motif does not induce any major changes, but may interfere with effector-Switch II interactions through intramolecular H-bond formation and/or charge effects with Arg79. Overall, we demonstrate antagonistic regulation between PINK1-dependent Ser111 phosphorylation and LRRK2-mediated Thr72 phosphorylation of Rab8A indicating a potential cross-talk between PINK1-regulated mitochondria' homeostasis and LRRK2 signalling that requires further investigation in vivo.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Gtpase ; Lrrk2 ; Mst3 ; Pink1 ; Rab ; Tak1; Structural Basis; Protein; Ubiquitin; Mechanism; Parkin; Model; Recruitment; Specificity; Pink1
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0264-6021
e-ISSN 1470-8728
Quellenangaben Band: 477, Heft: 9, Seiten: 1651-1668 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Portland Press
Verlagsort 5th Flr, 90 High Holborn, London Wc1v 6lj, England
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed