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Niu, Z. ; Sarkar, R. ; Aichler, M. ; Wester, H.* ; Yousefi, B.H.* ; Reif, B.

Mapping of the binding interface of PET tracer molecules and Alzheimer Disease Aβ fibrils using MAS solid-state NMR spectroscopy.

ChemBioChem 21, 2495-2502 (2020)
Publ. Version/Full Text Postprint Research data DOI
Open Access Gold (Paid Option)
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Positron emission tomography (PET) tracer molecules like thioflavin T specifically recognize amyloid deposition in brain tissue by selective binding to hydrophobic or aromatic surface grooves on the β-sheet surface along the fibril axis. The molecular basis of this interaction is, however, not well understood. We have employed magic angle spinning (MAS) solid-state NMR spectroscopy to characterize Aβ-PET tracer complexes at atomic resolution. We established a titration protocol by using bovine serum albumin as a carrier to transfer hydrophobic small molecules to Aβ(1-40) fibrillar aggregates. The same Aβ(1-40) amyloid fibril sample was employed in subsequent titrations to minimize systematic errors that potentially arise from sample preparation. In the experiments, the small molecules 13C-methylated Pittsburgh compound B (PiB) as well as a novel Aβ tracer based on a diarylbithiazole (DABTA) scaffold were employed. Classical 13C-detected as well as proton-detected spectra of protonated and perdeuterated samples with back-substituted protons, respectively, were acquired and analyzed. After titration of the tracers, chemical-shift perturbations were observed in the loop region involving residues Gly25-Lys28 and Ile32-Gly33, thus suggesting that the PET tracer molecules interact with the loop region connecting β-sheets β1 and β2 in Aβ fibrils. We found that titration of the PiB derivatives suppressed fibril polymorphism and stabilized the amyloid fibril structure.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Alzheimer's Disease ; Amyloid-beta Fibrils ; Deuteration ; Imaging Tracer ; Magic Angle Spinning Solid-state Nmr Spectroscopy ; Positron Emission Tomography; Atomic-resolution Structure; Thioflavin-t; Peptide; Proteins; Assignment; Mechanism
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1439-4227
e-ISSN 1439-7633
Journal ChemBioChem
Quellenangaben Volume: 21, Issue: 17, Pages: 2495-2502 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Wiley
Publishing Place Postfach 101161, 69451 Weinheim, Germany
Reviewing status Peer reviewed