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LaClair, K.D.* ; Zhou, Q.* ; Michaelsen, M.* ; Wefers, B.* ; Brill, M.S.* ; Janjic, A.* ; Rathkolb, B. ; Farny, D.* ; Cygan, M.* ; Hrabě de Angelis, M. ; Wurst, W. ; Neumann, M.* ; Enard, W.* ; Misgeld, T.* ; Arzberger, T.* ; Edbauer, D.*

Congenic expression of poly-GA but not poly-PR in mice triggers selective neuron loss and interferon responses found in C9orf72 ALS.

Acta Neuropathol. 140, 121–142 (2020)
Verlagsversion DOI
Open Access Gold (Paid Option)
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Expansion of a (G(4)C(2))(n)repeat inC9orf72causes amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD), but the link of the five repeat-encoded dipeptide repeat (DPR) proteins to neuroinflammation, TDP-43 pathology, and neurodegeneration is unclear. Poly-PR is most toxic in vitro, but poly-GA is far more abundant in patients. To directly compare these in vivo, we created congenic poly-GA and poly-PR mice. 40% of poly-PR mice were affected with ataxia and seizures, requiring euthanasia by 6 weeks of age. The remaining poly-PR mice were asymptomatic at 14 months of age, likely due to an 80% reduction of the transgene mRNA in this subgroup. In contrast, all poly-GA mice showed selective neuron loss, inflammation, as well as muscle denervation and wasting requiring euthanasia before 7 weeks of age. In-depth analysis of peripheral organs and blood samples suggests that peripheral organ failure does not drive these phenotypes. Although transgene mRNA levels were similar between poly-GA and affected poly-PR mice, poly-GA aggregated far more abundantly than poly-PR in the CNS and was also found in skeletal muscle. In addition, TDP-43 and other disease-linked RNA-binding proteins co-aggregated in rare nuclear inclusions in the hippocampus and frontal cortex only in poly-GA mice. Transcriptome analysis revealed activation of an interferon-responsive pro-inflammatory microglial signature in end-stage poly-GA but not poly-PR mice. This signature was also found in all ALS patients and enriched inC9orf72cases. In summary, our rigorous comparison of poly-GA and poly-PR toxicity in vivo indicates that poly-GA, but not poly-PR at the same mRNA expression level, promotes interferon responses inC9orf72disease and contributes to TDP-43 abnormalities and neuron loss selectively in disease-relevant regions.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter C9orf72 ; Als ; Ftd ; Neurodegeneration ; Mouse Model ; Microglia ; Interferon; Dipeptide-repeat Proteins; Rna Foci; Oxidative Stress; Nervous-system; Motor Deficits; Mouse Model; C9orf72; Neurodegeneration; Expansions; Pathology
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0001-6322
e-ISSN 1432-0533
Zeitschrift Acta Neuropathologica
Quellenangaben Band: 140, Heft: , Seiten: 121–142 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Springer
Verlagsort One New York Plaza, Suite 4600, New York, Ny, United States
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed