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Haberer, G. ; Kamal, N. ; Bauer, E.* ; Gundlach, H. ; Fischer, I. ; Seidel, M. ; Spannagl, M. ; Marcon, C.* ; Ruban, A.* ; Urbany, C.* ; Nemri, A.* ; Hochholdinger, F.* ; Ouzunova, M.* ; Houben, A.* ; Schön, C.C.* ; Mayer, K.F.X.

European maize genomes highlight intraspecies variation in repeat and gene content.

Nat. Genet. 52, 950-957 (2020)
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Open Access Gold (Paid Option)
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De novo genome assemblies of four European flint maize lines and comparison with two US Corn Belt genomes provide insights into the dynamics of intraspecies variation in repeat and gene content in maize genomes.The diversity of maize (Zea mays) is the backbone of modern heterotic patterns and hybrid breeding. Historically, US farmers exploited this variability to establish today's highly productive Corn Belt inbred lines from blends of dent and flint germplasm pools. Here, we report de novo genome sequences of four European flint lines assembled to pseudomolecules with scaffold N50 ranging from 6.1 to 10.4 Mb. Comparative analyses with two US Corn Belt lines explains the pronounced differences between both germplasms. While overall syntenic order and consolidated gene annotations reveal only moderate pangenomic differences, whole-genome alignments delineating the core and dispensable genome, and the analysis of heterochromatic knobs and orthologous long terminal repeat retrotransposons unveil the dynamics of the maize genome. The high-quality genome sequences of the flint pool complement the maize pangenome and provide an important tool to study maize improvement at a genome scale and to enhance modern hybrid breeding.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Diversity; Transcription; Population; Knob; Architecture; Prediction; Software; Program; Finder; Flint
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1061-4036
e-ISSN 1546-1718
Journal Nature Genetics
Quellenangaben Volume: 52, Issue: 9, Pages: 950-957 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Publishing Place New York, NY
Reviewing status Peer reviewed