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Salfelder, M.A.* ; Kessel, K.A. ; Thiel, U.* ; Burdach, S.* ; Kampfer, S.* ; Combs, S.E.

Prospective evaluation of multitarget treatment of pediatric patients with helical intensity-modulated radiotherapy.

Strahlenther. Onkol. 196, 1103–1115 (2020)
Verlagsversion DOI
Open Access Gold (Paid Option)
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Background and purpose Radiotherapy (RT) is persistently gaining significance in the treatment of pediatric tumors. However, individual features of a growing body and multifocal stages complicate this approach. Tomotherapy offers advantages in the treatment of anatomically complex tumors with low risks of side effects. Here we report on toxicity incidence and outcome of tomotherapy with a focus on multitarget RT (mtRT). Materials and methods From 2008 to 2017, 38 children diagnosed with sarcoma were treated with tomotherapy. The median age was 15 years (6-19 years). Toxicity was graded according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v.4.03 and classified into symptoms during RT, acutely (0-6 months) and late (>6 months) after RT, and long-term sideeffects (>24 months). Results The main histologies were Ewing sarcoma (n & x202f;= 23 [61%]) and alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (n & x202f;= 5 [13%]). RT was performed with a median total dose of 54 & x202f;Gy (40.5-66.0 & x202f;Gy) and a single dose of 2 & x202f;Gy (1.80-2.27 & x202f;Gy). Twenty patients (53%) received mtRT. Median follow-up was 29.7 months (95% confidence interval 15.3-48.2 months) with a 5-year survival of 55.2% (+/- 9.5%). The 5-year survival rate of patients with mtRT (n & x202f;= 20) was 37.1 & x202f;+/- 13.2%, while patients who received single-target RT (n & x202f;= 18) had a 5-year survival rate of 75 & x202f;+/- 10.8%. Severe toxicities (grade 3 and 4) emerged in 14 patients (70%) with mtRT and 7 patients (39%) with single-target RT. Two non-hematological grade 4 toxicities occurred during RT: one mucositis and one radiodermatitis. After mtRT 5 patients had grade 3 toxicities acute and after single-target RT 4 patients. One patient had acute non-hematological grade 4 toxicities (gastritis, pericarditis, and pericardial effusion) after mtRT. Severe late effects of RT occurred in 2 patients after mtRT and in none of the single-target RT patients. No severe long-term side effects appeared. Conclusion Our results showed acceptable levels of acute and late toxicities, considering the highly advanced diseases and multimodal treatment. Hence, tomotherapy is a feasible treatment method for young patients with anatomically complex tumors or multiple targets. Especially mtRT is a promising and innovative treatment approach for pediatric sarcomas, delivering unexpectedly high survival rates for patients with multifocal Ewing sarcomas in this study, whereby the limited number of patients should invariably be considered in the interpretation.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Tomotherapy ; Pediatric Sarcoma ; Toxicity ; Survival ; Multitarget Radiation Therapy; Radiation-therapy; Ewing Sarcoma; Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma; Prognostic-factors; Children; Chemotherapy; Tomotherapy; Childhood; Neoplasms; Outcomes
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0179-7158
e-ISSN 1439-099X
Quellenangaben Band: 196, Heft: , Seiten: 1103–1115 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Urban & Vogel
Verlagsort Tiergartenstrasse 17, D-69121 Heidelberg, Germany
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Förderungen Projekt DEAL