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Sato, M. ; Onuma, K.* ; Domon, M.* ; Hasegawa, S.* ; Suzuki, A.* ; Kusumi, R.* ; Hino, R.* ; Kakihara, N.* ; Kanda, Y.* ; Osaki, M.* ; Hamada, J.* ; Bannai, S.* ; Feederle, R. ; Buday, K.* ; Angeli, J.P.F.* ; Proneth, B. ; Conrad, M. ; Okada, F.* ; Sato, H.*

Loss of the cystine/glutamate antiporter in melanoma abrogates tumor metastasis and markedly increases survival rates of mice.

Int. J. Cancer 147, 3224-3235 (2020)
Verlagsversion Forschungsdaten DOI
Open Access Green möglich sobald Postprint bei der ZB eingereicht worden ist.
The cystine/glutamate antiporter, system x(c)(-), is essential for the efficient uptake of cystine into cells. Interest in the mechanisms of system x(c)(-)function soared with the recognition that system x(c)(-)presents the most upstream node of ferroptosis, a recently described form of regulated necrosis relevant for degenerative diseases and cancer. Since targeting system x(c)(-)hold the great potential to efficiently combat tumor growth and metastasis of certain tumors, we disrupted the substrate-specific subunit of system x(c)(-), xCT (SLC7A11) in the highly metastatic mouse B16F10 melanoma cell line and assessed the impact on tumor growth and metastasis. Subcutaneous injection of tumor cells into the syngeneic B16F10 mouse melanoma model uncovered a marked decrease in the tumor-forming ability and growth of KO cells compared to control cell lines. Strikingly, the metastatic potential of KO cells was markedly reduced as shown in several in vivo models of experimental and spontaneous metastasis. Accordingly, survival rates of KO tumor-bearing mice were significantly prolonged in contrast to those transplanted with control cells. Analyzing the in vitro ability of KO and control B16F10 cells in terms of endothelial cell adhesion and spheroid formation revealed that xCT expression indeed plays an important role during metastasis. Hence, system x(c)(-)emerges to be essential for tumor metastasis in mice, thus qualifying as a highly attractive anticancer drug target, particularly in light of its dispensable role for normal life in mice.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Melanoma ; Metastasis ; System X(c)(-) ; Tumor Growth; In-vitro; Transporter Gene; Plasma-membrane; Cell-death; Ferroptosis; Expression; Glutamate; Xct; Induction; Exchange
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0020-7136
e-ISSN 1097-0215
Quellenangaben Band: 147, Heft: 11, Seiten: 3224-3235 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Wiley
Verlagsort 111 River St, Hoboken 07030-5774, Nj Usa
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Institut(e) Institute of Metabolism and Cell Death (MCD)
Monoclonal Antibody (IDO-MAB)