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Steiner, A. ; Schlepckow, K.* ; Brunner, B.* ; Steiner, H.* ; Haass, C.* ; Hagn, F.

γ-Secretase cleavage of the Alzheimer risk factorTREM2 is determined by its intrinsic structural dynamics.

EMBO J. 39:e104247 (2020)
Verlagsversion DOI
Open Access Gold (Paid Option)
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Sequence variants of the microglial expressedTREM2 (triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2) are a major risk factor for late onset Alzheimer's disease.TREM2 requires a stable interaction withDAP12 in the membrane to initiate signaling, which is terminated byTREM2 ectodomain shedding and subsequent intramembrane cleavage by gamma-secretase. To understand the structural basis for the specificity of the intramembrane cleavage event, we determined the solution structure of theTREM2 transmembrane helix (TMH). Caused by the presence of a charged amino acid in the membrane region, theTREM2-TMHadopts a kinked structure with increased flexibility. Charge removal leads toTMHstabilization and reduced dynamics, similar to its structure in complex withDAP12. Strikingly, these dynamical features match with the site of the initial gamma-secretase cleavage event. These data suggest an unprecedented cleavage mechanism by gamma-secretase where flexibleTMHregions act as key determinants of substrate cleavage specificity.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Dynamics ; Intramembrane Protease ; Nmr ; Structure ; Trem2; Amyloid Precursor Protein; Magnetic-resonance Relaxation; Myeloid Cells-2 Trem2; Model-free Approach; Transmembrane Helix; Backbone Dynamics; Membrane-proteins; Domain; Site; Macromolecules
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0261-4189
e-ISSN 1460-2075
Zeitschrift EMBO Journal, The
Quellenangaben Band: 39, Heft: 20, Seiten: , Artikelnummer: e104247 Supplement: ,
Verlag Wiley
Verlagsort Heidelberg, Germany
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Förderungen Projekt DEAL
Gauss Centre for Supercomputing e.V.
German Research Foundation (DFG)
TUM Institute for Advanced Study - German Excellence Initiative