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Sammer, M.* ; Dombrowsky, A. ; Schauer, J.* ; Oleksenko, K. ; Bicher, S. ; Schwarz, B.* ; Rudigkeit, S.* ; Matejka, N.* ; Reindl, J.* ; Bartzsch, S. ; Blutke, A. ; Feuchtinger, A. ; Combs, S.E. ; Dollinger, G.* ; Schmid, T.E.

Normal tissue response of combined temporal and spatial fractionation in proton minibeam radiation therapy.

Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 109, 76-83 (2020)
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Open Access Green möglich sobald Postprint bei der ZB eingereicht worden ist.
Purpose: Proton minibeam radiation therapy, a spatial fractionation concept, widens the therapeutic window. By reducing normal tissue toxicities, it allows a temporally fractionated regime with high daily doses. However, an array shift between daily fractions can affect the tissue-sparing effect by decreasing the total peak-to-valley dose ratio. Therefore, combining temporal fractions with spatial fractionation raises questions about the impact of daily applied dose modulations, reirradiation accuracies, and total dose modulations. Methods and Materials: Healthy mouse ear pinnae were irradiated with 4 daily fractions of 30 Gy mean dose, applying proton pencil minibeams (pMB) of Gaussian σ = 222 μm in 3 different schemes: a 16 pMB array with a center-to-center distance of 1.8 mm irradiated the same position in all sessions (FS1) or was shifted by 0.9 mm to never hit the previously irradiated tissue in each session (FS2), or a 64 pMB array with a center-to-center distance of 0.9 mm irradiated the same position in all sessions (FS3), resulting in the same total dose distribution as FS2. Reirradiation positioning and its accuracy were obtained from image guidance using the unique vessel structure of ears. Acute toxicities (swelling, erythema, and desquamation) were evaluated for 153 days after the first fraction. Late toxicities (fibrous tissue, inflammation) were analyzed on day 153. Results: Reirradiation of highly dose-modulated arrays at a positioning accuracy of 110 ± 52 μm induced the least severe acute and late toxicities. A shift of the same array in FS2 led to significantly inducted acute toxicities, a higher otitis score, and a slight increase in fibrous tissue. FS3 led to the strongest increase in acute and late toxicities. Conclusions: The highest normal-tissue sparing is achieved after accurate reirradiation of a highly dose modulated pMB array, although high positioning accuracies are challenging in a clinical environment. Nevertheless, the same integral dose applied in highly dose-modulated fractions is superior to low daily dose-modulated fractions.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Radiotherapy; Volume
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0360-3016
e-ISSN 0360-3016
Quellenangaben Band: 109, Heft: 1, Seiten: 76-83 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Elsevier
Verlagsort Ste 800, 230 Park Ave, New York, Ny 10169 Usa
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Förderungen Deutsche Forschungsgesellschaft Cluster of Excellence: Munich-Centre for Advanced Photonics (MAP C.3.4)
BMBF project "LET-Verbund"