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Kurrumeli, D.* ; Oechsner, M.* ; Weidenbächer, B.* ; Brambs, C.* ; Löffler, M.* ; Combs, S.E. ; Borm, K.* ; Duma, M.N.*

An easy way to determine bone mineral density and predict pelvic insufficiency fractures in patients treated with radiotherapy for cervical cancer.

Strahlenther. Onkol. 197, 487-493 (2020)
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Open Access Gold (Paid Option)
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate whether bone mineral density (BMD) as measured in planning computed tomographies (CTs) by a new method is a risk factor for pelvic insufficiency fractures (PIF) after radio(chemo)therapy (R(C)T) for cervical cancer. Methods 62 patients with cervical cancer who received definitive or adjuvant radio(chemo)therapy between 2013 and 2017 were reviewed. The PIF were detected on follow-up magntic resonance imaging (MRI). The MRI of the PIF patients was registered to the planning CT and the PIF contoured. On the contralateral side of the fracture, a mirrored structure of the fracture was generated (mPIF). For the whole sacral bone, three lumbar vertebrae, the first and second sacral vertebrae, and the PIF, we analyzed the BMD (mg/cm(3)), V50Gy, Dmean, and Dmax. Results Out of 62 patients, 6 (9.7%) had a fracture. Two out of the 6 patients had a bilateral fracture with only one of them being symptomatic. PIF patients showed a significantly lower BMD in the sacral and the lumbar vertebrae (p< 0.05). The BMD of the contoured PIF, however, when comparing to the mPIF, did not reach significance (p< 0.49). The difference of the V50Gy of the sacrum in the PIF group compared to the other (OTH) patients, i.e. those without PIF, did not reach significance. Conclusion The dose does not seem to have a relevant impact on the incidence of PIF in our patients. One of the predisposing factors for developing PIF after radiotherapy seems to be the low BMD. We presented an easy method to assess the BMD in planning CTs.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Gynaecological Tumors ; Radiation Therapy ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; Cisplatinum; Bulky Stage-ib; Radiation-therapy; Chemotherapy; Hysterectomy; Irradiation; Cisplatin; Trial
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0179-7158
e-ISSN 1439-099X
Quellenangaben Volume: 197, Issue: 6, Pages: 487-493 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Urban & Vogel
Publishing Place Tiergartenstrasse 17, D-69121 Heidelberg, Germany
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Grants Projekt DEAL