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Shao, H.* ; Laxy, M. ; Gregg, E.W.* ; Albright, A.* ; Zhang, P.*

Cost-effectiveness of the new 2018 American college of physicians glycemic control guidance statements among US adults with type 2 diabetes.

Value Health 24, 227-235 (2021)
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Objectives: This study aims to estimate the national impact and cost-effectiveness of the 2018 American College of Physicians (ACP) guidance statements compared to the status quo. Methods: Survey data from the 2011-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination were used to generate a national representative sample of individuals with diagnosed type 2 diabetes in the United States. Individuals with A1c <6.5% on antidiabetic medications are recommended to deintensify their A1c level to 7.0% to 8.0% (group 1); individuals with A1c 6.5% to 8.0% and a life expectancy of <10 years are recommended to deintensify their A1c level >8.0% (group 2); and individuals with A1c >8.0% and a life expectancy of >10 years are recommended to intensify their A1c level to 7.0% to 8.0% (group 3). We used a Markov-based simulation model to evaluate the lifetime cost-effectiveness of following the ACP recommended A1c level. Results: 14.41 million (58.1%) persons with diagnosed type 2 diabetes would be affected by the new guidance statements. Treatment deintensification would lead to a saving of $363 600 per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) lost for group 1 and a saving of $118 300 per QALY lost for group 2. Intensifying treatment for group 3 would lead to an additional cost of $44 600 per QALY gain. Nationally, the implementation of the guidance would add 3.2 million life-years and 1.1 million QALYs and reduce healthcare costs by $47.7 billion compared to the status quo. Conclusions: Implementing the new ACP guidance statements would affect a large number of persons with type 2 diabetes nationally. The new guidance is cost-effective.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Cost-effectiveness ; Diabetes ; Glycemic Control ; Microsimulation
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1098-3015
e-ISSN 1524-4733
Journal Value in Health
Quellenangaben Volume: 24, Issue: 2, Pages: 227-235 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Elsevier
Publishing Place New York, NY
Reviewing status Peer reviewed