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Muehlhofer, H.M.L.* ; Schlossmacher, B.* ; Lenze, U.* ; Lenze, F.* ; Burgkart, R.* ; Gersing, A.S.* ; Peeken, J.C. ; Combs, S.E. ; von Eisenhart-Rothe, R.* ; Knebel, C.*

Oncological outcome and prognostic factors of surgery for soft tissue sarcoma after neoadjuvant or adjuvant radiation therapy: A retrospective analysis over 15 years.

Anticancer Res. 41, 359-368 (2021)
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Open Access Green as soon as Postprint is submitted to ZB.
BACKGROUND/AIM: Surgical resection for soft tissue sarcomas (STSs) is the gold standard for a curative oncologic therapy in combination with neoadjuvant or adjuvant radiation therapy (NRT/ART). The aim of this study was to determine prognostic factors influencing the survival of patients with STS undergoing NRT or ART considering various parameters in a retrospective, single-centre analysis over 15 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included 119 patients (male 59) and the median follow-up period was 69 months (4-197). The patients received NRT (n=64) or ART (n=55). We recorded the histopathologic subtype of STS, tumour grade, localization, tumour margins, complications, survival, local recurrence, and metastases. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: The overall survival rate was 68.9% at 5 years. The localization (epifascial/subfascial), resection margin and type of radiation therapy (NRT/ART) had no significant impact on survival. Tumour grade, tumour size, local recurrence and metastases were significantly correlated with patient survival (p<0.05). Local recurrence was significantly higher in patients with ART (p=0.044). CONCLUSION: Tumour grade and tumour size were independently associated with disease-specific survival, and patients with local recurrence and metastases had lower survival rates.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Soft Tissue Sarcoma ; Prognostic Factors ; Radiation Therapy ; Surgery; Surgical Margins; Local Recurrence; Extremities; Survival; Myxofibrosarcoma; Knowledge; Series
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0250-7005
e-ISSN 1791-7530
Quellenangaben Volume: 41, Issue: 1, Pages: 359-368 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher International Institute of Anticancer Research
Publishing Place Editorial Office 1st Km Kapandritiou-kalamou Rd Kapandriti, Po Box 22, Athens 19014, Greece
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Grants Wilhelm-Sander foundation