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Konicar, L.* ; Radev, S.* ; Silvoni, S.* ; Bolinger, E.* ; Veit, R. ; Strehl, U.* ; Vesely, C.* ; Plener, P.L.* ; Poustka, L.* ; Birbaumer, N.*

Balancing the brain of offenders with psychopathy? Resting state EEG and electrodermal activity after a pilot study of brain self-regulation training.

PLoS ONE 16:e0242830 (2021)
Publ. Version/Full Text Research data DOI
Open Access Gold
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Although investigation of the brains of criminals began quite early in the history of psychophysiological research, little is known about brain plasticity of offenders with psychopathy. Building on our preliminary study reporting successful brain self-regulation using slow cortical potential (SCP) neurofeedback in offenders with psychopathy, we investigated the central nervous and autonomic peripheral changes occurring after brain self-regulation in a group of severe male offenders with psychopathy. Regarding the central nervous system, an overall suppression of the psychopathic overrepresentation of slow frequency bands was found, such as delta and theta band activity, after EEG neurofeedback. In addition, an increase in alpha band activity could be observed after the SCP self-regulation training. Electrodermal activity adaptively changed according to the regulation task, and this flexibility improved over training time. The results of this study point towards a constructive learning process and plasticity in neural and peripheral measures of offenders with psychopathy.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Prefrontal Cortex; Behavior; Neurofeedback; Abnormalities; Aggression; Personality; Connectivity; Oscillations; Integration; Potentials
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1932-6203
Journal PLoS ONE
Quellenangaben Volume: 16, Issue: 1, Pages: , Article Number: e0242830 Supplement: ,
Publisher Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Publishing Place Lawrence, Kan.
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Grants Brain Products (Gilching, Germany)
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research foundation)
Graduate School of Neural & Behavioral Sciences | International Max Planck Research School at the University of Tubingen
International Centre for Ethics in the Sciences and Humanities (IZEW) at the University of Tubingen