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Kuiper, I.N.* ; Svanes, C.* ; Markevych, I. ; Accordini, S.* ; Bertelsen, R.J.* ; Bråbäck, L.* ; Christensen, J.H.* ; Forsberg, B.* ; Halvorsen, T.* ; Heinrich, J.* ; Hertel, O.* ; Hoek, G.* ; Holm, M.* ; de Hoogh, K.* ; Janson, C.* ; Malinovschi, A.* ; Marcon, A.* ; Nilsen, R.M.* ; Sigsgaard, T.* ; Johannessen, A.*

Lifelong exposure to air pollution and greenness in relation to asthma, rhinitis and lung function in adulthood.

Environ. Int. 146:106219 (2021)
Verlagsversion Forschungsdaten DOI
Open Access Gold
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Objectives: To investigate if air pollution and greenness exposure from birth till adulthood affects adult asthma, rhinitis and lung function.Methods: We analysed data from 3428 participants (mean age 28) in the RHINESSA study in Norway and Sweden. Individual mean annual residential exposures to nitrogen dioxide (NO2), particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), black carbon (BC), ozone (O-3) and greenness (normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI)) were averaged across susceptibility windows (0-10 years, 10-18 years, lifetime, adulthood (year before study participation)) and analysed in relation to physician diagnosed asthma (ever/allergic/non-allergic), asthma attack last 12 months, current rhinitis and low lung function (lower limit of normal (LLN), z-scores of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC) and FEV1/FVC below 1.64). We performed logistic regression for asthma attack, rhinitis and LLN lung function (clustered with family and study centre), and conditional logistic regression with a matched case-control design for ever/allergic/non-allergicasthma. Multivariable models were adjusted for parental asthma and education.Results: Childhood, adolescence and adult exposure to NO2, PM10 and O-3 were associated with an increased risk of asthma attacks (ORs between 1.29 and 2.25), but not with physician diagnosed asthma. For rhinitis, adulthood exposures seemed to be most important. Childhood and adolescence exposures to PM2.5 and O-3 were associated with lower lung function, in particular FEV1 (range ORs 2.65 to 4.21). No associations between NDVI and asthma or rhinitis were revealed, but increased NDVI was associated with lower FEV1 and FVC in all susceptibility windows (range ORs 1.39 to 1.74).Conclusions: Air pollution exposures in childhood, adolescence and adulthood were associated with increased risk of asthma attacks, rhinitis and low lung function in adulthood. Greenness was not associated with asthma or rhinitis, but was a risk factor for low lung function.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Air Pollution ; Greenness ; Asthma ; Lung Function ; Rhinitis; Respiratory Health; Children; No2; Escape; Pm2.5; Associations; Areas; Pm10
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0160-4120
e-ISSN 1873-6750
Quellenangaben Band: 146, Heft: , Seiten: , Artikelnummer: 106219 Supplement: ,
Verlag Elsevier
Verlagsort The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford Ox5 1gb, England
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Förderungen EU from the European Regional Development Fund under the Smart Growth Operational Programme
European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program as part of the ALEC (Ageing Lungs in European Cohorts study)
Research Council of Norway
Bergen Medical Research Foundation
Western Norwegian Regional Health Authorities
World University Network
Norwegian Asthma and Allergy Association
Swedish Heart and Lung Foundation
Asthma and Allergy Association (Overview Funding RHINESSA, 2020)
NeuroSmog: Determining the impact of air pollution on the developing brain
Western Norway Regional Health Authorities