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Leptin promotes adipocytes survival in non-vascularized fat grafting via perfusion increase.
Microvasc. Res. 135:104131 (2021)
Background: Though autologous fat transplantation is regularly and successfully performed in plastic surgery, little is known about the factors that contribute to the rise of preadipocytes and how the viability of adipocytes is regulated. As sufficient blood supply is a key parameter for the transplant's survival, we opted to analyse the development of preadipocytes within the fat transplant via stimulation of tissue perfusion with the angiogenesis enhancing hormone leptin. Methods: In a murine (C57BL/6N) model inguinal fat was autologously transplanted into a dorsal skinfold chamber. In the intervention group the fat transplant was treated with local administration of leptin (3 μg/ml) at days 3, 7 and 10 after transplantation. Saline solution was administered respectively in the control group. On the postoperative days 3, 7, 10, and 15 intra vital microscopy was done to assess the functional vessel density, vessel diameter, adipocyte survival and preadipocyte development. The study was completed by histological tissue analysis on days 15 after transplantation. Results: Leptin administration leads to an increase of angiogenesis, which starts from day 7 after implantation and elevates perfusion as well as functional vessel density FVD at days 10 and 15 after transplantation. Perfusion develops first from the border zones of the transplant. Histological evaluation showed that the percentage of perilipin positive adipocytes increased markedly in the study group of mice. Moreover, fat transplants of mice of the leptin group disclosed significantly higher Pref-1 positive cells than fat transplants of the control group. The findings reported in this study indicate that the leptin can enhance the survival and the quality of grafted fat tissue, which may be due to induction of angiogenesis. Conclusion: Leptin administration to fat transplants induced an increase in angiogenesis in the transplanted tissue and may play a role in reducing the resorption rate of lipoaspirates.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Adipocyte Viability ; Angiogenesis ; Fat Transfer ; Leptin
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0026-2862
Journal Microvascular Research
Quellenangaben Volume: 135, Article Number: 104131
Publishing Place 525 B St, Ste 1900, San Diego, Ca 92101-4495 Usa
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Institute(s) Helmholtz Institute for Metabolism, Obesity and Vascular Research (HI-MAG)
Grants Else-Kroner-Fresenius-Foundation, Bad Homburg, Germany