Calcium plays an essential role in physiology of the cardiovascular system. Aberrations from normal serum calcium levels are known to be associated with several cardiovascular diseases. Its possible role as a predictor for long-term mortality after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is still uncertain. In this study, a total of 3732 patients (aged 25–74 years) with incident AMI surviving at least 28 days after AMI was included. The median follow-up time was 6.0 years. Admission total serum calcium levels were divided into quartiles. The Kaplan–Meier-Curve suggested a division of the follow up time in two different time periods. So, Cox regression models were calculated to assess association between admission serum calcium levels and all-cause long-term mortality with two observation periods: 28–2500 days and > 2500 days. The final model was adjusted for various comorbidities, clinical characteristics, in-hospital treatment and medication. The third quartile (normal-high Calcium levels) served as the reference group. The fully adjusted Cox-regression model shows significantly higher mortality risk for low serum calcium (quartile 1) within the timeframe 28–2500 days after the event (OR 1.53 [1.19–1.98]). The other groups did not differ significantly from each other. In the later observation period (from 2500 days until death or censoring) no more significant differences were seen between the four calcium quartiles. In summary, low serum calcium is an independent predictor of adverse outcome in the first 2500 days (about 7 years) after AMI. On later points in time this effect attenuates, so that no more significant differences can be observed.
FörderungenProjekt DEAL German Federal Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Technology German Federal Ministry of Health State of Bavaria German Research Center for Environmental Health Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen