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Torres, G.G.* ; Nygaard, M.* ; Caliebe, A.* ; Blanché, H.* ; Chantalat, S.* ; Galan, P.* ; Lieb, W.* ; Christiansen, L.* ; Deleuze, J.F.* ; Christensen, K.* ; Strauch, K. ; Müller-Nurasyid, M. ; Peters, A. ; Nöthen, M.M.* ; Hoffmann, P.* ; Flachsbart, F.* ; Schreiber, S.* ; Ellinghaus, D.* ; Franke, A.* ; Dose, J.* ; Nebel, A.*

Exome-wide association study identifies FN3KRP and PGP as new candidate longevity genes.

J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 76, 786–795 (2021)
Verlagsversion Forschungsdaten DOI
Open Access Gold (Paid Option)
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Despite enormous research efforts, the genetic component of longevity has remained largely elusive. The investigation of common variants, mainly located in intronic or regulatory regions, has yielded only little new information on the heritability of the phenotype. Here, we performed a chip-based exome-wide association study investigating 62,488 common and rare coding variants in 1,248 German long-lived individuals, including 599 centenarians and 6,941 younger controls (age < 60 years). In a single-variant analysis, we observed an exome-wide significant association between rs1046896 in the gene fructosamine-3-kinase-related-protein (FN3KRP) and longevity. Noteworthy, we found the longevity allele C of rs1046896 to be associated with an increased FN3KRP expression in whole blood; a database look-up confirmed this effect for various other human tissues. A gene-based analysis, in which potential cumulative effects of common and rare variants were considered, yielded the gene phosphoglycolate phosphatase (PGP) as another potential longevity gene, though no single variant in PGP reached the discovery P-value (1x10E-04). Furthermore, we validated the previously reported longevity locus cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 2B antisense RNA 1 (CDKN2B-AS1). Replication of our results in a French longevity cohort was only successful for rs1063192 in CDKN2B-AS1. In conclusion, we identified two new potential candidate longevity genes, FN3KRP and PGP which may influence the phenotype through their role in metabolic processes, i.e. the reverse glycation of proteins (FN3KRP) and the control of glycerol-3-phosphate levels (PGP).
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Association Study ; Healthy Aging ; Humanexome Beadchip ; Long-lived Individuals ; Rare Variants; Confirms Apoe; Rare; Metaanalysis; Variants; Survival; Metabolism; Glycation; Pathways; Locus; Tests
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1079-5006
e-ISSN 1758-535X
Quellenangaben Band: 76, Heft: 5, Seiten: 786–795 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Oxford University Press
Verlagsort Journals Dept, 2001 Evans Rd, Cary, Nc 27513 Usa
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Förderungen Munich Center of Health Sciences (MC Health), Ludwig-Maximilians Universitat, LMU innovativ
German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
BMBF
Ministere de l'Enseignement superieur et de la Recherche
French Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique
Universite Paris 13
Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique-Centre National de Recherche en Genomique Humaine
National Program for Research Infrastructure
Danish Agency for Science Technology and Innovation
Velux Foundation
U.S. National Institute of Health
NIH
Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen - German Research Center for Environmental Health - BMBF
State of Bavaria
Cluster of Excellence "Inflammation at Interfaces"