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Nitric oxide signaling in the plant nucleus: The function of nitric oxide in chromatin modulation and transcription.

J. Exp. Bot. 72, 808-818 (2021)
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Free by publisher: Publ. Version/Full Text online available 02/2022
Nitric oxide (NO) is involved in a vast number of physiologically important processes in plants, such as organ development, stress resistance, and immunity. Transduction of NO bioactivity is generally achieved by post-translational modification of proteins, with S-nitrosation of cysteine residues as the predominant form. While traditionally the subcellular location of the factors involved was of lesser importance, recent studies identified the connection between NO and transcriptional activity and thereby raised the question about the route of NO into the nuclear sphere. Identification of NO-affected transcription factors and chromatin-modifying histone deacetylases implicated the important role of NO signaling in the plant nucleus as a regulator of epigenetic mechanisms and gene transcription. Here, we discuss the relationship between NO and its directly regulated protein targets in the nuclear environment, focusing on S-nitrosated chromatin modulators and transcription factors.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Review
Keywords S-nitrosation ; Chromatin Modulation ; Epigenetics ; Histone Acetylation ; Methylation ; Nitric Oxide ; Nucleus ; Redox Signaling; Protein-tyrosine Nitration; Cytosolic Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate Dehydrogenase; S-nitrosylation; Arabidopsis-thaliana; Dna Methylation; Posttranslational Modification; Histone Acetyltransferase; No Production; Cell-death; In-vivo
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0022-0957
e-ISSN 1460-2431
Quellenangaben Volume: 72, Issue: 3, Pages: 808-818 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Oxford University Press
Publishing Place Great Clarendon St, Oxford Ox2 6dp, England
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Grants Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung