Open Access Green as soon as Postprint is submitted to ZB.
Anthropomorphic lung phantom based validation of in-room proton therapy 4D-CBCT image correction for dose calculation.
Z. Med. Phys., DOI: 10.1016/j.zemedi.2020.09.004 (2020)
PURPOSE: Ventilation-induced tumour motion remains a challenge for the accuracy of proton therapy treatments in lung patients. We investigated the feasibility of using a 4D virtual CT (4D-vCT) approach based on deformable image registration (DIR) and motion-aware 4D CBCT reconstruction (MA-ROOSTER) to enable accurate daily proton dose calculation using a gantry-mounted CBCT scanner tailored to proton therapy. METHODS: Ventilation correlated data of 10 breathing phases were acquired from a porcine ex-vivo functional lung phantom using CT and CBCT. 4D-vCTs were generated by (1) DIR of the mid-position 4D-CT to the mid-position 4D-CBCT (reconstructed with the MA-ROOSTER) using a diffeomorphic Morphons algorithm and (2) subsequent propagation of the obtained mid-position vCT to the individual 4D-CBCT phases. Proton therapy treatment planning was performed to evaluate dose calculation accuracy of the 4D-vCTs. A robust treatment plan delivering a nominal dose of 60Gy was generated on the average intensity image of the 4D-CT for an approximated internal target volume (ITV). Dose distributions were then recalculated on individual phases of the 4D-CT and the 4D-vCT based on the optimized plan. Dose accumulation was performed for 4D-vCT and 4D-CT using DIR of each phase to the mid position, which was chosen as reference. Dose based on the 4D-vCT was then evaluated against the dose calculated on 4D-CT both, phase-by-phase as well as accumulated, by comparing dose volume histogram (DVH) values (Dmean, D2%, D98%, D95%) for the ITV, and by a 3D-gamma index analysis (global, 3%/3mm, 5Gy, 20Gy and 30Gy dose thresholds). RESULTS: Good agreement was found between the 4D-CT and 4D-vCT-based ITV-DVH curves. The relative differences ((CT-vCT)/CT) between accumulated values of ITV Dmean, D2%, D95% and D98% for the 4D-CT and 4D-vCT-based dose distributions were -0.2%, 0.0%, -0.1% and -0.1%, respectively. Phase specific values varied between -0.5% and 0.2%, -0.2% and 0.5%, -3.5% and 1.5%, and -5.7% and 2.3%. The relative difference of accumulated Dmean over the lungs was 2.3% and Dmean for the phases varied between -5.4% and 5.8%. The gamma pass-rates with 5Gy, 20Gy and 30Gy thresholds for the accumulated doses were 96.7%, 99.6% and 99.9%, respectively. Phase-by-phase comparison yielded pass-rates between 86% and 97%, 88% and 98%, and 94% and 100%. CONCLUSIONS: Feasibility of the suggested 4D-vCT workflow using proton therapy specific imaging equipment was shown. Results indicate the potential of the method to be applied for daily 4D proton dose estimation.
Edit extra informations Login
Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords 4d-vct ; Cone-beam ; Motion ; Proton Therapy ; Thorax ; Tomography
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0939-3889
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Institute(s) Comprehensive Pneumology Center (CPC)