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Witting,M. ; Schmidt, U.* ; Knölker, H.J.*

UHPLC-IM-Q-ToFMS analysis of maradolipids, found exclusively in Caenorhabditis elegans dauer larvae.

Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 413, 2091–2102 (2021)
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Lipid identification is one of the current bottlenecks in lipidomics and lipid profiling, especially for novel lipid classes, and requires multidimensional data for correct annotation. We used the combination of chromatographic and ion mobility separation together with data-independent acquisition (DIA) of tandem mass spectrometric data for the analysis of lipids in the biomedical model organism Caenorhabditis elegans. C. elegans reacts to harsh environmental conditions by interrupting its normal life cycle and entering an alternative developmental stage called dauer stage. Dauer larvae show distinct changes in metabolism and morphology to survive unfavorable environmental conditions and are able to survive for a long time without feeding. Only at this developmental stage, dauer larvae produce a specific class of glycolipids called maradolipids. We performed an analysis of maradolipids using ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry-quadrupole-time of flight-mass spectrometry (UHPLC-IM-Q-ToFMS) using drift tube ion mobility to showcase how the integration of retention times, collisional cross sections, and DIA fragmentation data can be used for lipid identification. The obtained results show that combination of UHPLC and IM separation together with DIA represents a valuable tool for initial lipid identification. Using this analytical tool, a total of 45 marado- and lysomaradolipids have been putatively identified and 10 confirmed by authentic standards directly from C. elegans dauer larvae lipid extracts without the further need for further purification of glycolipids. Furthermore, we putatively identified two isomers of a lysomaradolipid not known so far.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Caenorhabditis Elegans ; Ion Mobility Spectrometry ; Lipid Identification ; Lipidomics; Particle
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1618-2642
e-ISSN 1618-2650
Quellenangaben Volume: 413, Issue: , Pages: 2091–2102 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Springer
Publishing Place Heidelberg
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Grants Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft