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Hohberger, B.* ; Lucio, M. ; Schlick, S.* ; Wollborn, A.* ; Hosari, S.* ; Mardin, C.*

OCT-angiography: Regional reduced macula microcirculation in ocular hypertensive and pre-perimetric glaucoma patients.

PLoS ONE 16:e0246469 (2021)
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Open Access Gold
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PURPOSE: OCT-angiography (OCT-A) offers a non-invasive method to visualize retinochoroidal microvasculature. As glaucoma disease affects retinal ganglion cells in the macula, macular microcirculation is of interest. The purpose of the study was to investigate regional macular vascular characteristics in patients with ocular hypertension (OHT), pre-perimetric primary open-angle glaucoma (pre-POAG) and controls by OCT-A in three microvascular layers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 180 subjects were recruited from the Erlangen Glaucoma Registry, the Department of Ophthalmology, University of Erlangen and residents: 38 OHT, 20 pre-POAG, 122 controls. All subjects received an ophthalmological examination including measurements of retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL), retinal ganglion cell layer (RGC), inner nuclear layer (INL), and Bruch's Membrane Opening-Minimum Rim Width (BMO-MRW). Macular vascular characteristics (vessel density, VD, foveal avascular zone, FAZ) were measured by OCT-A (Spectralis OCT II) in superficial vascular plexus (SVP), intermediate capillary plexus (ICP), and deep capillary plexus (DCP). RESULTS: With age correction of VD data, type 3 tests on fixed effects showed a significant interaction between diagnosis and sectorial VD in SVP (p = 0.0004), ICP (p = 0.0073), and DCP (p = 0.0003). Moreover, a significance in sectorial VD was observed within each layer (p<0.0001) and for the covariate age (p<0.0001). FAZ differed significantly between patients' groups only in ICP (p = 0.03), not in SVP and DCP. For VD the AUC values of SVP, ICP, and DCP were highest among diagnostic modalities (AUC: 0.88, 95%-CI: 0.75-1.0, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Regional reduced macula VD was observed in all three retinal vascular layers of eyes with OHT and pre-POAG compared to controls, indicating localized microvascular changes as early marker in glaucoma pathogenesis.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Optical Coherence Tomography; Nitric-oxide Synthase; Open-angle Glaucoma; Vessel Density; Nerve Head; Blood-flow; Healthy; Association; Dysfunction; Thickness
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1932-6203
Journal PLoS ONE
Quellenangaben Volume: 16, Issue: 2, Pages: , Article Number: e0246469 Supplement: ,
Publisher Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Publishing Place Lawrence, Kan.
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Grants German Research Society (DFG)