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Marselle, M.R.* ; Hartig, T.* ; Cox, D.T.C.* ; de Bell, S.* ; Knapp, S.* ; Lindley, S.* ; Triguero-Mas, M.* ; Böhning-Gaese, K.* ; Braubach, M.* ; Cook, P.A.* ; de Vries, S.J.* ; Heintz-Buschart, A.* ; Hofmann, M.* ; Irvine, K.N.* ; Kabisch, N.* ; Kolek, F. ; Kraemer, R.* ; Markevych, I.* ; Martens, D.* ; Müller, R.* ; Nieuwenhuijsen, M.* ; Potts, J.M.* ; Stadler, J.* ; Walton, S.* ; Warber, S.L.* ; Bonn, A.*

Pathways linking biodiversity to human health: A conceptual framework.

Environ. Int. 150:106420 (2021)
Publ. Version/Full Text Research data DOI
Open Access Gold
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Biodiversity is a cornerstone of human health and well-being. However, while evidence of the contributions of nature to human health is rapidly building, research into how biodiversity relates to human health remains limited in important respects. In particular, a better mechanistic understanding of the range of pathways through which biodiversity can influence human health is needed. These pathways relate to both psychological and social processes as well as biophysical processes. Building on evidence from across the natural, social and health sciences, we present a conceptual framework organizing the pathways linking biodiversity to human health. Four domains of pathways-both beneficial as well as harmful-link biodiversity with human health: (i) reducing harm (e.g. provision of medicines, decreasing exposure to air and noise pollution); (ii) restoring capacities (e.g. attention restoration, stress reduction); (iii) building capacities (e.g. promoting physical activity, transcendent experiences); and (iv) causing harm (e.g. dangerous wildlife, zoonotic diseases, allergens). We discuss how to test components of the biodiversity-health framework with available analytical approaches and existing datasets. In a world with accelerating declines in biodiversity, profound land-use change, and an increase in non-communicable and zoonotic diseases globally, greater understanding of these pathways can reinforce biodiversity conservation as a strategy for the promotion of health for both people and nature. We conclude by identifying research avenues and recommendations for policy and practice to foster biodiversity-focused public health actions.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Review
Keywords Biodiversity ; Ecosystem Services ; Human Well-being ; Mediation ; Nature ; Public Health
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0160-4120
e-ISSN 1873-6750
Quellenangaben Volume: 150, Issue: , Pages: , Article Number: 106420 Supplement: ,
Publisher Elsevier
Publishing Place The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford Ox5 1gb, England
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Institute(s) Institute of Environmental Medicine (IEM)
Grants Economic and Social Research Council
Volkswagen Foundation
Dr. Forest project by German Research Foundation
Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning
Juan de la Cierva fellowship - Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness
Scottish Government's Rural Affairs, Food and Environment Strategic Research Portfolio
TEAM-NET program of the Foundation for Polish Science
European Regional Development Fund under the Smart Growth Operational Program
German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
BMBF as part of the National Research Network on Zoonotic Infectious Diseases of Germany
BiodivERsA3 ERA-Net COFUND program (2018-2019 BiodivERsA joint call for research proposals)
UK Natural Environment Research Council
Arts and Humanities Research Council
German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) HalleJena-Leipzig of the German Research Foundation