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Oehus, A.K.* ; Kroeze, S.G.C.* ; Schmidt-Hegemann, N.S.* ; Vogel, M.M.E.* ; Kirste, S.* ; Becker, J.* ; Burger, I.A.* ; Derlin, T.* ; Bartenstein, P.* ; Eiber, M.* ; Mix, M.* ; la Fougère, C.* ; Belka, C.* ; Combs, S.E. ; Grosu, A.-L.* ; Müller, A.C.* ; Guckenberger, M.* ; Christiansen, H.* ; Henkenberens, C.*

Efficacy of PSMA ligand PET-based radiotherapy for recurrent prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy and salvage radiotherapy.

BMC Cancer 20:362 (2020)
Verlagsversion DOI
Open Access Gold
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Background: A substantial number of patients will develop further biochemical progression after radical prostatectomy (RP) and salvage radiotherapy (sRT). Recently published data using prostate-specific membrane antigen ligand positron emission tomography (PSMA - PET) for re-staging suggest that those recurrences are often located outside the prostate fossa and most of the patients have a limited number of metastases, making them amenable to metastasis-directed treatment (MDT). Methods: We analyzed 78 patients with biochemical progression after RP and sRT from a retrospective European multicenter database and assessed the biochemical recurrence-free survival (bRFS; PSA < nadir + 0.2 ng/ml or no PSA decline) as well as the androgen deprivation therapy- free survival (ADT-FS) using Kaplan-Meier curves. Log-rank test and multivariate analysis was performed to determine influencing factors. Results: A total of 185 PSMA - PET positive metastases were detected and all lesions were treated with radiotherapy (RT). Concurrent ADT was prescribed in 16.7% (13/78) of patients. The median PSA level before RT was 1.90 ng/mL (range, 0.1-22.1) and decreased statistically significantly to a median PSA nadir level of 0.26 ng/mL (range, 0.0-12.25; p < 0.001). The median PSA level of 0.88 ng/mL (range, 0.0-25.8) at the last follow-up was also statistically significantly lower (p = 0.008) than the median PSA level of 1.9 ng/mL (range, 0.1-22.1) before RT. The median bRFS was 17.0 months (95% CI, 14.2-19.8). After 12 months, 55.3% of patients were free of biochemical progression. Multivariate analyses showed that concurrent ADT was the most important independent factor for bRFS (p = 0.01). The median ADT-FS was not reached and exploratory statistical analyses estimated a median ADT-FS of 34.0 months (95% CI, 16.3-51.7). Multivariate analyses revealed no significant parameters for ADT-FS. Conclusions: RT as MDT based on PSMA - PET of all metastases of recurrent prostate cancer after RP and sRT represents a viable treatment option for well-informed and well-selected patients.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Oligometastases ; Prostate Cancer ; Psma ; Radical Prostatectomy ; Radiotherapy ; Recurrence
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1471-2407
e-ISSN 1471-2407
Zeitschrift BMC Cancer
Quellenangaben Band: 20, Heft: 1, Seiten: , Artikelnummer: 362 Supplement: ,
Verlag BioMed Central
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed