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Eder, H.* ; Schlattl, H.

Shielding effectiveness of X-ray protective garment.

Phys. Med. 82, 343-350 (2021)
DOI Verlagsversion bestellen
Open Access Green: Postprint online verfügbar 04/2022
PURPOSE: Certification of the X-ray shielding garment is based on attenuation testing on flat material samples. We investigated the difference of shielding effectiveness compared to realistic use when the garment is worn on the body of a staff person. METHODS: Attenuation factors of X-ray protective aprons have been evaluated for several clinical scenarios with Monte Carlo (MC) calculations based on the ICRP female reference model and an experimental setup. The MC calculated attenuation factors refer to the effective dose E, whereas the measured attenuation factors refer to the personal dose equivalent Hp(10). The calculated/measured factors were compared to the attenuation factors of the identical materials measured under the conditions of the standard IEC 61331-1 that is currently in use for the type testing of X-ray protective aprons. RESULTS: As a result, for example, at a common tube voltage of 80 kV, the real attenuation factors of a 0.35 mm Pb apron worn by a 3-dimensional body were 38% to 76% higher than when measured under IEC conditions on flat samples. The MC-calculated organ doses show the maximum contribution to E being within the operatoŕs abdomen/pelvis region. CONCLUSIONS: With our findings, personal X-ray protective garments could be improved in effectiveness.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Attenuation Factor ; Effective Dose ; Organ Doses ; Protective Garment
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1120-1797
e-ISSN 1724-191X
Quellenangaben Band: 82, Heft: , Seiten: 343-350 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Elsevier
Verlagsort The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford Ox5 1gb, Oxon, England
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed