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Borm, K.J.* ; Hofmann, C.* ; Düsberg, M.* ; Oechsner, M.* ; Dapper, H.* ; Devecka, M.* ; Combs, S.E.

Excluding lung tissue from the ptv during internal mammary irradiation. A safe technique for oar-sparing?

Cancers 13:1951 (2021)
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Open Access Gold
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The current study aims to determine whether exclusion of lung tissue from planning treatment volume (PTV) is a valid organ at risk (OAR)-sparing technique during internal mammary irradiation (IMNI). Twenty patients with left-sided breast cancer undergoing adjuvant radiotherapy including IMNI after mastectomy or lumpectomy with daily ConeBeam CT (CBCT; median n = 28) were enrolled in the current study. The daily dose distribution of the patients was estimated by recalculating treatment plans on CBCT-scans based on a standard PTV (PTV margin: 5mm-STD) and a modified PTV, which excluded overlapping lung tissue (ExLung). Using 3D-deformable dose accumulation, the dose coverage in the target volume was estimated in dependence of the PTV-margins. The estimated delivered dose in the IMN-CTV was significantly lower for the ExLung PTV compared to the STD PTV: ExLung: V95%: 76.6 ± 22.9%; V90%: 89.6 ± 13.2%, STD: V95%: 95.6 ± 7.4%; V90%: 99.1 ± 2.7%. Daily CBCT imaging cannot sufficiently compensate the anatomic changes and intrafraction movement throughout the treatment. Therefore, to ensure adequate delivery of the prescribed dose to the IMN-CTV, exclusion of lung tissue from the PTV to spare the OARs is not recommended.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Breast Cancer ; Igrt ; Internal Mammary Irradiation ; Organ-sparing ; Radiotherapy; Breast-cancer Patients; Dose Distribution; Node Irradiation; Target Volume; Lymph-nodes; Radiotherapy; Heart; Trial; Risk
ISSN (print) / ISBN 2072-6694
Journal Cancers
Quellenangaben Volume: 13, Issue: 8, Pages: , Article Number: 1951 Supplement: ,
Publisher MDPI
Publishing Place St Alban-anlage 66, Ch-4052 Basel, Switzerland
Reviewing status Peer reviewed