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Steinberg, J. ; Southam, L. ; Fontalis, A.* ; Clark, M.J.* ; Jayasuriya, R.L.* ; Swift, D.* ; Shah, K.M.* ; Brooks, R.A.* ; McCaskie, A.W.* ; Wilkinson, J.M.* ; Zeggini, E.

Linking chondrocyte and synovial transcriptional profile to clinical phenotype in osteoarthritis.

Ann. Rheum. Dis. (2021)
Verlagsversion DOI
Open Access Gold (Paid Option)
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
OBJECTIVES: To determine how gene expression profiles in osteoarthritis joint tissues relate to patient phenotypes and whether molecular subtypes can be reproducibly captured by a molecular classification algorithm. METHODS: We analysed RNA sequencing data from cartilage and synovium in 113 osteoarthritis patients, applying unsupervised clustering and Multi-Omics Factor Analysis to characterise transcriptional profiles. We tested the association of the molecularly defined patient subgroups with clinical characteristics from electronic health records. RESULTS: We detected two patient subgroups in low-grade cartilage (showing no/minimal degeneration, cartilage normal/softening only), with differences associated with inflammation, extracellular matrix-related and cell adhesion pathways. The high-inflammation subgroup was associated with female sex (OR 4.12, p=0.0024) and prescription of proton pump inhibitors (OR 4.21, p=0.0040). We identified two independent patient subgroupings in osteoarthritis synovium: one related to inflammation and the other to extracellular matrix and cell adhesion processes. A seven-gene classifier including MMP13, APOD, MMP2, MMP1, CYTL1, IL6 and C15orf48 recapitulated the main axis of molecular heterogeneity in low-grade knee osteoarthritis cartilage (correlation ρ=-0.88, p<10-10) and was reproducible in an independent patient cohort (ρ=-0.85, p<10-10). CONCLUSIONS: These data support the reproducible stratification of osteoarthritis patients by molecular subtype and the exploration of new avenues for tailored treatments.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Chondrocytes ; Inflammation ; Osteoarthritis
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0003-4967
e-ISSN 1468-2060
Verlag BMJ Publishing Group
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Institut(e) Institute of Translational Genomics (ITG)