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Koutny, F.* ; Stein, R. ; Kiess, W.* ; Weghuber, D.* ; Körner, A.*

Elevated transaminases potentiate the risk for emerging dysglycemia in children with overweight and obesity.

Pediatr. Obes., DOI: 10.1111/ijpo.12822 (2021)
Verlagsversion Forschungsdaten DOI
Open Access Gold (Paid Option)
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) increases the risk for dysglycemia in children in cross-sectional studies. However, the extent to which NAFLD may confer the risk for dysglycemia in longitudinal studies remains uncertain. OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether elevated levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) as a proxy for NAFLD can serve as a predictor for future dysglycemia among children. METHODS: We performed survival analysis up to 11 years of follow-up on longitudinal data of 510 children with overweight and obesity from the Leipzig Childhood Cohort. RESULTS: Children with overweight/obesity and elevated ALT values had a more than 2-fold increased risk (hazard ratio 2.59, 95% confidence interval 1.49 to 4.50; P < 0.01) for future dysglycemia independent of age, sex and BMI-SDS. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated transaminases are an early predictor for glycemic deterioration. Hence, NAFLD should further be addressed as a risk factor and therapeutic target for the early prevention of type 2 diabetes.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Childhood Obesity ; Dysglycemia ; Early-onset Diabetes ; Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease ; Prediabetes ; Type 2 Diabetes; Fatty Liver-disease; Type-2; Pathophysiology
ISSN (print) / ISBN 2047-6302
e-ISSN 2047-6310
Zeitschrift Pediatric obesity
Verlag Wiley
Verlagsort Oxford
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Institut(e) Helmholtz Institute for Metabolism, Obesity and Vascular Research (HI-MAG)
Förderungen Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft