PuSH - Publikationsserver des Helmholtz Zentrums München

Huemer, M.-T. ; Bauer, A. ; Petrera, A. ; Scholz, M.* ; Hauck, S.M. ; Drey, M.* ; Peters, A. ; Thorand, B.

Proteomic profiling of low muscle and high fat mass: A machine learning approach in the KORA S4/FF4 study.

J. Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle 12, 1011–1023 (2021)
Verlagsversion Forschungsdaten DOI
Open Access Gold
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
BACKGROUND: The coexistence of low muscle mass and high fat mass, two interrelated conditions strongly associated with declining health status, has been characterized by only a few protein biomarkers. High-throughput proteomics enable concurrent measurement of numerous proteins, facilitating the discovery of potentially new biomarkers. METHODS: Data derived from the prospective population-based Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg S4/FF4 cohort study (median follow-up time: 13.5 years) included 1478 participants (756 men and 722 women) aged 55-74 years in the cross-sectional and 608 participants (315 men and 293 women) in the longitudinal analysis. Appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASMM) and body fat mass index (BFMI) were determined through bioelectrical impedance analysis at baseline and follow-up. At baseline, 233 plasma proteins were measured using proximity extension assay. We implemented boosting with stability selection to enable false positives-controlled variable selection to identify new protein biomarkers of low muscle mass, high fat mass, and their combination. We evaluated prediction models developed based on group least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (lasso) with 100× bootstrapping by cross-validated area under the curve (AUC) to investigate if proteins increase the prediction accuracy on top of classical risk factors. RESULTS: In the cross-sectional analysis, we identified kallikrein-6, C-C motif chemokine 28 (CCL28), and tissue factor pathway inhibitor as previously unknown biomarkers for muscle mass [association with low ASMM: odds ratio (OR) per 1-SD increase in log2 normalized protein expression values (95% confidence interval (CI)): 1.63 (1.37-1.95), 1.31 (1.14-1.51), 1.24 (1.06-1.45), respectively] and serine protease 27 for fat mass [association with high BFMI: OR (95% CI): 0.73 (0.61-0.86)]. CCL28 and metalloproteinase inhibitor 4 (TIMP4) constituted new biomarkers for the combination of low muscle and high fat mass [association with low ASMM combined with high BFMI: OR (95% CI): 1.32 (1.08-1.61), 1.28 (1.03-1.59), respectively]. Including protein biomarkers selected in ≥90% of group lasso bootstrap iterations on top of classical risk factors improved the performance of models predicting low ASMM, high BFMI, and their combination [delta AUC (95% CI): 0.16 (0.13-0.20), 0.22 (0.18-0.25), 0.12 (0.08-0.17), respectively]. In the longitudinal analysis, N-terminal prohormone brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) was the only protein selected for loss in ASMM and loss in ASMM combined with gain in BFMI over 14 years [OR (95% CI): 1.40 (1.10-1.77), 1.60 (1.15-2.24), respectively]. CONCLUSIONS: Proteomic profiling revealed CCL28 and TIMP4 as new biomarkers of low muscle mass combined with high fat mass and NT-proBNP as a key biomarker of loss in muscle mass combined with gain in fat mass. Proteomics enable us to accelerate biomarker discoveries in muscle research.
Altmetric
Weitere Metriken?
Zusatzinfos bearbeiten [➜Einloggen]
Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Appendicular Skeletal Muscle Mass ; Body Fat Mass Index ; Fat Mass ; Machine Learning ; Muscle Mass ; Proteomics; Growth-factor-i; Sarcopenic Obesity; Skeletal-muscle; Cardiovascular-disease; Older-adults; Insulin; Men; Risk; Interleukin-6; Physiology
ISSN (print) / ISBN 2190-5991
e-ISSN 2190-6009
Quellenangaben Band: 12, Heft: , Seiten: 1011–1023 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Springer
Verlagsort Heidelberg
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Förderungen The KORAstudy was initiated and financed by the Helmholtz Zentrum München - GermanResearch Center for Environmental Health, which is funded by the German FederalMinistry of Education and Research (BMBF) and by the State of Bavaria. Thepresent study was su