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Bigalke, B.* ; Pötz, O.* ; Kremmer, E. ; Geisler, T.* ; Seizer, P.* ; Puntmann, V.O.* ; Phinikaridou, A.* ; Chiribiri, A.* ; Nagel, E.* ; Botnar, R.M.* ; Joos, T.* ; Gawaz, M.*

Sandwich immunoassay for soluble glycoprotein VI in patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease.

Clin. Chem. 57, 898-904 (2011)
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Platelet glycoprotein VI (pGPVI) expression is increased in acute coronary syndrome (ACS), reflecting platelet activation. There is no reliable method available to measure pGPVI. Our aim was to develop a bead-based sandwich immunoassay to measure soluble GPVI (sGPVI). METHODS: Based on antibodies for sGPVI developed earlier, we established and validated a bead-based sandwich immunoassay in 2438 consecutive patients with stable angina pectoris (SAP; n = 1371), non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI; n = 724), and ST-elevation MI (STEMI; n = 343). In a subgroup (n = 1011), we measured surface expression of pGPVI using flow cytometry. RESULTS: The assay revealed a working range of 8-500 ng/L. Intra- and interassay imprecision was <7% and <14%, respectively. Patients with NSTEMI and STEMI showed significantly lower mean sGPVI concentrations than patients with SAP [mean (SD), 8.4 (3.6) μg/L and 8.6 (4.1) μg/L vs 9.8 (4.8) μg/L; P = 0.002], whereas subgroup analysis revealed significantly enhanced pGPVI in NSTEMI (n = 276) and STEMI (n = 80) patients compared with SAP (n = 655) [mean fluorescence intensity (SD), 21.2 (8.1) and 19.8 (6.8) vs 18.5 (7.7); P = 0.002 and P = 0.018]. pGPVI and sGPVI were inversely correlated (r = -0.076; P = 0.023). Area under the ROC curve was 0.716, 95% CI 0.681-0.751, for sGPVI, distinguishing patients with SAP from those with ACS, and was superior (P = 0.044) to the curve of subgroup analysis for pGPVI (0.624, 95% CI 0.586-0.662). sGPVI (P = 0.023) and pGPVI (P = 0.028) had better association with the development of ACS than troponin I (P = 0.055) in the very early stage of disease, based on logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: This sandwich immunoassay reliably measures sGPVI and may help to identify patients with ACS earlier than other laboratory markers.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Platelet collagen receptors; Acute myocardial-infarction; In-vivo; GPVI; Expression; Association; Hemostasis; Plasma
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0009-9147
e-ISSN 1530-8561
Quellenangaben Volume: 57, Issue: 6, Pages: 898-904 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher American Association for Clinical Chemistry
Reviewing status Peer reviewed