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From bedside to bench—practical considerations to avoid pre-analytical pitfalls and assess sample quality for high-resolution metabolomics and lipidomics analyses of body fluids.

Anal. Bioanal. Chem., DOI: 10.1007/s00216-021-03450-0 (2021)
Verlagsversion DOI
Open Access Gold (Paid Option)
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
The stability of lipids and other metabolites in human body fluids ranges from very stable over several days to very unstable within minutes after sample collection. Since the high-resolution analytics of metabolomics and lipidomics approaches comprise all these compounds, the handling of body fluid samples, and thus the pre-analytical phase, is of utmost importance to obtain valid profiling data. This phase consists of two parts, sample collection in the hospital (“bedside”) and sample processing in the laboratory (“bench”). For sample quality, the apparently simple steps in the hospital are much more critical than the “bench” side handling, where (bio)analytical chemists focus on highly standardized processing for high-resolution analysis under well-controlled conditions. This review discusses the most critical pre-analytical steps for sample quality from patient preparation; collection of body fluids (blood, urine, cerebrospinal fluid) to sample handling, transport, and storage in freezers; and subsequent thawing using current literature, as well as own investigations and practical experiences in the hospital. Furthermore, it provides guidance for (bio)analytical chemists to detect and prevent potential pre-analytical pitfalls at the “bedside,” and how to assess the quality of already collected body fluid samples. A knowledge base is provided allowing one to decide whether or not the sample quality is acceptable for its intended use in distinct profiling approaches and to select the most suitable samples for high-resolution metabolomics and lipidomics investigations. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Review
Schlagwörter Blood ; Cerebrospinal Fluid ; Lipidomics ; Metabolomics ; Plasma ; Pre-analytic ; Serum ; Urine; Long-term Stability; -20 Degrees-c; Human Plasma; Mass-spectrometry; Urine Samples; Human Blood; Amino-acids; Serum; Storage; Nmr
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1618-2642
e-ISSN 1618-2650
Verlag Springer
Verlagsort Heidelberg
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Förderungen Projekt DEAL