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Mei, J.* ; Böhland, C.* ; Geiger, A.* ; Baur, I.* ; Berner, K.* ; Heuer, S. ; Liu, X. ; Mataite, L.* ; Melo-Narváez, M.C.* ; Özkaya, E.* ; Rupp, A.* ; Siebenwirth, C.* ; Thoma, F.* ; Kling, M.F.* ; Friedl, A.A.*

Development of a model for fibroblast-led collective migration from breast cancer cell spheroids to study radiation effects on invasiveness.

Radiat. Oncol. 16:159 (2021)
Verlagsversion Forschungsdaten DOI
Open Access Gold
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Background: Invasiveness is a major factor contributing to metastasis of tumour cells. Given the broad variety and plasticity of invasion mechanisms, assessing potential metastasis-promoting effects of irradiation for specific mechanisms is important for further understanding of potential adverse effects of radiotherapy. In fibroblast-led invasion mechanisms, fibroblasts produce tracks in the extracellular matrix in which cancer cells with epithelial traits can follow. So far, the influence of irradiation on this type of invasion mechanisms has not been assessed. Methods: By matrix-embedding coculture spheroids consisting of breast cancer cells (MCF-7, BT474) and normal fibroblasts, we established a model for fibroblast-led invasion. To demonstrate applicability of this model, spheroid growth and invasion behaviour after irradiation with 5 Gy were investigated by microscopy and image analysis. Results: When not embedded, irradiation caused a significant growth delay in the spheroids. When irradiating the spheroids with 5 Gy before embedding, we find comparable maximum migration distance in fibroblast monoculture and in coculture samples as seen in unirradiated samples. Depending on the fibroblast strain, the number of invading cells remained constant or was reduced. Conclusion: In this spheroid model and with the cell lines and fibroblast strains used, irradiation does not have a major invasion-promoting effect. 3D analysis of invasiveness allows to uncouple effects on invading cell number and maximum invasion distance when assessing radiation effects.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Carcinoma-cells; Invasion; Image; Expression; Platform; Growth
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1748-717X
e-ISSN 1748-717X
Zeitschrift Radiation Oncology
Quellenangaben Band: 16, Heft: 1, Seiten: , Artikelnummer: 159 Supplement: ,
Verlag BioMed Central
Verlagsort Campus, 4 Crinan St, London N1 9xw, England
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Förderungen Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft