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Pfeiffer, S. ; Herzmann, C.* ; Gaede, K.I.* ; Kovacevic, D.* ; Krauss-Etschmann, S.* ; Schloter, M.

Different responses of the oral, nasal and lung microbiomes to cigarette smoke.

Thorax 8, DOI: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2020-216153 (2021)
Verlagsversion DOI
Open Access Gold (Paid Option)
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
To examine the role of smoking on the bacterial community composition of the upper and the lower respiratory tract, a monocentric, controlled prospective study was performed, including healthy smokers, ex-smokers and never-smokers. Smokers were further grouped according to their smoking history. Bacterial diversity was analysed using a molecular barcoding approach based on directly extracted DNA. Our study shows for the first time distinct bacterial response patterns in the upper and lower respiratory tract to cigarette smoking leading to a higher abundance of opportunistic pathogens. The clinical significance of these dysbioses for health needs to be further explored.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Tobacco And The Lung
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0040-6376
e-ISSN 1468-3296
Zeitschrift Thorax
Quellenangaben Band: 8 Heft: , Seiten: , Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag BMJ Publishing Group
Verlagsort British Med Assoc House, Tavistock Square, London Wc1h 9jr, England
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Förderungen Leibniz Competition 2016, 'The lung microbiota at the interface between airway epithelium and environment'