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Lattka, E. ; Rzehak, P. ; Szabó, É.* ; Jakobik, V.* ; Weck, M.* ; Weyermann, M.* ; Grallert, H. ; Rothenbacher, D.* ; Heinrich, J. ; Brenner, H.* ; Decsi, T.* ; Illig, T. ; Koletzko, B.*

Genetic variants in the FADS gene cluster are associated with arachidonic acid concentrations of human breast milk at 1.5 and 6 mo postpartum and influence the course of milk dodecanoic, tetracosenoic, and trans-9-octadecenoic acid concentrations over the duration of lactation.

Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 93, 382-391 (2011)
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Breastfeeding is considered an optimal nutritional source of n-6 (omega-6) and n-3 (omega-3) fatty acids (FAs) for the proper visual and cognitive development of newborn children. In addition to maternal nutrition as an important regulator of FA concentrations, first results exist on an association of breast-milk FAs with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the FADS gene cluster, which encodes the rate-limiting enzymes in the elongation-desaturation pathway of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs). We analyzed the influence of FADS SNPs on breast-milk FA concentrations and their time course during lactation in the Ulm Birth Cohort study, which comprised 772 nursing mothers at 1.5 mo after giving birth, and in a subset of 463 mothers who were still breastfeeding at 6 mo postpartum. We conducted linear regression analysis of 8 FADS SNPs with FA concentrations at both time points separately and assessed the genotype effect over time in a longitudinal analysis by using a generalized estimating equation regression model. We observed significant associations of FADS genotypes with arachidonic acid (AA) concentrations and the 20:4n-6/20:3n-6 ratio at both time points but no association of FADS SNPs with the time course of AA concentrations. A longitudinal analysis of FAs other than LC-PUFAs by genotype over time showed associations for dodecanoic acid, cis-15-tetracosenoic acid, and trans-9-octadecenoic acid.Maternal FADS genotypes are associated with breast-milk AA concentrations and might therefore influence the supply of this FA for children. Furthermore, our data indicate an interrelation between the LC-PUFA pathway and saturated and monounsaturated FAs.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords polyunsaturated fatty-acids; helicobacter-pylori infection; allergic disease; early-childhood; blood-pressure; birth cohort; follow-up; plasma; risk; expression
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0002-9165
e-ISSN 1938-3207
Quellenangaben Volume: 93, Issue: 2, Pages: 382-391 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher American Society for Nutrition
Publishing Place Bethesda, USA
Reviewing status Peer reviewed