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Sujana, C. ; Salomaa, V.* ; Kee, F.* ; Costanzo, S.* ; Söderberg, S.* ; Jordan, J.* ; Jousilahti, P.* ; Neville, C.* ; Iacoviello, L.* ; Oskarsson, V.* ; Westermann, D.* ; Koenig, W.* ; Kuulasmaa, K.* ; Reinikainen, J.* ; Blankenberg, S.* ; Zeller, T.* ; Herder, C. ; Mansmann, U.* ; Peters, A. ; Thorand, B.

Natriuretic peptides and risk of type 2 diabetes: Results from the biomarkers for cardiovascular risk assessment in Europe (BiomarCaRE) consortium.

Diabetes Care 44, 2527-2535 (2021)
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OBJECTIVE: Natriuretic peptide (NP) concentrations are increased in cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) but are associated with a lower diabetes risk. We investigated associations of N-terminal pro-B-type NP (NT-proBNP) and midregional proatrial NP (MR-proANP) with incident type 2 diabetes stratified by the presence of CVD. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Based on the Biomarkers for Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in Europe (BiomarCaRE) Consortium, we included 45,477 participants with NT-proBNP measurements (1,707 developed type 2 diabetes over 6.5 years of median follow-up; among these, 209 had CVD at baseline) and 11,537 participants with MR-proANP measurements (857 developed type 2 diabetes over 13.8 years of median follow-up; among these, 106 had CVD at baseline). The associations were estimated using multivariable Cox regression models. RESULTS: Both NPs were inversely associated with incident type 2 diabetes (hazard ratios [95% CI] per 1-SD increase of log NP: 0.84 [0.79; 0.89] for NT-proBNP and 0.77 [0.71; 0.83] for MR-proANP). The inverse association between NT-proBNP and type 2 diabetes was significant in individuals without CVD but not in individuals with CVD (0.81 [0.76; 0.86] vs. 1.04 [0.90; 1.19]; P multiplicative interaction = 0.001). There was no significant difference in the association of MR-proANP with type 2 diabetes between individuals without and with CVD (0.75 [0.69; 0.82] vs. 0.81 [0.66; 0.99]; P multiplicative interaction = 0.236). CONCLUSIONS: NT-proBNP and MR-proANP are inversely associated with incident type 2 diabetes. However, the inverse association of NT-proBNP seems to be modified by the presence of CVD. Further investigations are warranted to confirm our findings and to investigate the underlying mechanisms.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Heart-failure; Predicts; Obesity; Adults
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0149-5992
e-ISSN 1935-5548
Journal Diabetes Care
Quellenangaben Volume: 44, Issue: 11, Pages: 2527-2535 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher American Diabetes Association
Publishing Place Alexandria, Va.
Reviewing status Peer reviewed