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Svilenov, H.L.* ; Sacherl, J. ; Protzer, U. ; Zacharias, M.* ; Buchner, J.*

Mechanistic principles of an ultra-long bovine CDR reveal strategies for antibody design.

Nat. Commun. 12:6737 (2021)
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Open Access Gold
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Antibodies bind antigens via flexible loops called complementarity-determining regions (CDRs). These are usually 6-20 residues long. However, some bovine antibodies have ultra-long CDRs comprising more than 50 residues organized in a stalk and a disulfide-rich knob. The design features of this structural unit and its influence on antibody stability remained enigmatic. Here, we show that the stalk length is critical for the folding and stability of antibodies with an ultra-long CDR and that the disulfide bonds in the knob do not contribute to stability; they are important for organizing the antigen-binding knob structure. The bovine ultra-long CDR can be integrated into human antibody scaffolds. Furthermore, mini-domains from de novo design can be reformatted as ultra-long CDRs to create unique antibody-based proteins neutralizing SARS-CoV-2 and the Alpha variant of concern with high efficiency. Our findings reveal basic design principles of antibody structure and open new avenues for protein engineering.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Rational Design; Sequence; Chain; Hiv; Humanization; Residues; Antigen; Domain
ISSN (print) / ISBN 2041-1723
e-ISSN 2041-1723
Quellenangaben Volume: 12, Issue: 1, Pages: , Article Number: 6737 Supplement: ,
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Publishing Place London
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Grants Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation)