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Li, Z.* ; Sun, G.* ; Sun, G.* ; Cheng, Y.* ; Wu, L.* ; Wang, Q. ; Lv, C.* ; Zhou, Y.* ; Xia, Y.* ; Tang, W.*

Various uses of PD1/PD-L1 inhibitor in oncology: Opportunities and challenges.

Front. Oncol. 11:771335 (2021)
Publ. Version/Full Text DOI
Open Access Gold
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
The occurrence and development of cancer are closely related to the immune escape of tumor cells and immune tolerance. Unlike previous surgical, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and targeted therapy, tumor immunotherapy is a therapeutic strategy that uses various means to stimulate and enhance the immune function of the body, and ultimately achieves the goal of controlling tumor cells.With the in-depth understanding of tumor immune escape mechanism and tumor microenvironment, and the in-depth study of tumor immunotherapy, immune checkpoint inhibitors represented by Programmed Death 1/Programmed cell Death-Ligand 1(PD-1/PD-L1) inhibitors are becoming increasingly significant in cancer medication treatment. employ a variety of ways to avoid detection by the immune system, a single strategy is not more effective in overcoming tumor immune evasion and metastasis. Combining different immune agents or other drugs can effectively address situations where immunotherapy is not efficacious, thereby increasing the chances of success and alternative access to alternative immunotherapy. Immune combination therapies for cancer have become a hot topic in cancer treatment today. In this paper, several combination therapeutic modalities of PD1/PD-L1 inhibitors are systematically reviewed. Finally, an analysis and outlook are provided in the context of the recent advances in combination therapy with PD1/PD-L1 inhibitors and the pressing issues in this field.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Review
Keywords Pd-1/pd-l1 Inhibitors ; Cancer ; Drug Combination Therapy ; Immunotherapy ; Tumor Microenvironment; Regulates Pd-1 Expression; Cd8(+) T-cells; Endothelial Growth-factor; Nf-kappa-b; Breast-cancer; Tumor Microenvironment; Antitumor Immunity; Targeted Therapy; Hodgkin Lymphoma; Dendritic Cells
ISSN (print) / ISBN 2234-943X
e-ISSN 2234-943X
Quellenangaben Volume: 11, Issue: , Pages: , Article Number: 771335 Supplement: ,
Publisher Frontiers
Publishing Place Avenue Du Tribunal Federal 34, Lausanne, Ch-1015, Switzerland
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Grants China Scholarship Council (CSC)
National Natural Science Foundation of China